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Vitamins and Supplements for Ulcerative Colitis

If you have ulcerative colitis (UC), a type of inflammatory bowel disease, you may need vitamins or supplements to help maintain good nutrition. That's in addition to eating a healthy, well-balanced diet. Here is an overview of the supplements you may need to take if you have ulcerative colitis.

Keep in mind that the best source for nutrients is the food you eat, and that actual deficiencies vary from person to person. So before taking supplements, discuss your nutritional status with your doctor.

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Risk of Malnutrition With Ulcerative Colitis

One of the primary risk factors for malnourishment with ulcerative colitis is a decreased intake of food. When UC flares, there is inflammation of the large intestine, or colon, and small sores form on the lining of the intestine and rectum. This causes persistent cramping pain. It can also cause severe diarrhea, sometimes alternating with the formation of hard stool and prolonged constipation.

Diet doesn't cause ulcerative colitis. But certain foods may make symptoms worse. So in addition to the normal loss of appetite that accompanies a flare-up, some people purposely reduce how much they eat in an attempt to ease the symptoms or out of fear of symptoms getting worse.

At the same time, the body has an increased need for additional calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals to aid the healing process. Also, the inflammation and diarrhea interfere with the reabsorption of water and minerals that normally occurs in the large intestine, and there is a danger of becoming dehydrated if the fluid is not replaced.

Finally, some of the medications that are used to treat ulcerative colitis interfere with the body's ability to absorb and maintain the minerals it needs. For instance, corticosteroids such as prednisone can deplete the body's calcium. Drugs like sulfasalazine deplete the level of folate, an important B vitamin.

Food Supplements for Ulcerative Colitis

While ulcerative colitis can interfere with getting all the nutrients you need from the food you eat, a well-balanced diet is the first step in guarding against malnutrition. You need to eat a variety of foods from the various food groups and make sure you are getting adequate protein and calories. Working with a dietitian will make it easier to plan meals that address your nutritional needs.

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