The most common symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite followed by onset of parotitis (swollen and tender salivary glands under the ears -- on one or both sides).
Mumps can lead to hearing loss and aseptic meningitis (an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord) in about 10% of cases. Painful, swollen testicles occur in 20% to 30% of males who have reached puberty (orchitis) -- but rarely does this lead to fertility problems. About 30% of women who have reached puberty can have painful swollen breasts (mastitis) from mumps and, in a very few cases, inflammation of the ovaries.
If you are infertile, your doctor will go over your health history, medications, sexual history, and your sex habits, like how often you have sex.
Men will get a physical exam and often a sperm analysis, which tests the health of his sperm.
For women, testing begins with a medical history and physical exam, including a pelvic exam. The doctor then makes sure that she ovulates regularly and her ovaries are releasing the eggs. Blood tests are taken to measure hormone levels. The ovaries and uterus...