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Infertility & Reproduction Health Center

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Mumps in Men After Puberty

Symptoms of Mumps

The most common symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite followed by onset of parotitis (swollen and tender salivary glands under the ears -- on one or both sides).

Mumps can lead to hearing loss and aseptic meningitis (an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord) in about 10% of cases. Painful, swollen testicles occur in 20% to 30% of males who have reached puberty (orchitis) -- but rarely does this lead to fertility problems. About 30% of women who have reached puberty can have painful swollen breasts (mastitis) from mumps and, in a very few cases, inflammation of the ovaries.

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Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse. About 10% of couples in the United States are affected by infertility. Both men and women can be infertile. According to the Centers for Disease Control, 1/3 of the time the diagnosis is due to female infertility, 1/3 of the time it is linked to male infertility, and the remaining cases of infertility are due to a combination of factors from both partners. For approximately 20% of couples, the cause cannot...

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Symptoms typically appear 16-18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12-25 days after infection.

Complications of Mumps

Severe complications are rare. However, mumps can cause:

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Nivin Todd, MD on October 28, 2013

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