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    Mumps in Men After Puberty

    Symptoms of Mumps

    The most common symptoms of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite followed by onset of parotitis (swollen and tender salivary glands under the ears -- on one or both sides).

    Mumps can lead to hearing loss and aseptic meningitis (an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord) in about 10% of cases. Painful, swollen testicles occur in 20% to 30% of males who have reached puberty (orchitis) -- but rarely does this lead to fertility problems. About 30% of women who have reached puberty can have painful swollen breasts (mastitis) from mumps and, in a very few cases, inflammation of the ovaries.

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    How Do Exercise, Weight, and Age Affect Fertility?

    Exercise should be encouraged for both women and men who are gearing up to try to conceive. However, excessive, strenuous exercise in women may result in disruption of the ovulation cycle, thereby affecting her periods. Normal exercise has not been linked to miscarriages (loss of pregnancy), but certain forms of exercise (for example, high-impact or contact sports or scuba diving) should be avoided in pregnancy. In men, too much exercise may cause a low sperm count.

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    Symptoms typically appear 16-18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12-25 days after infection.

    Complications of Mumps

    Severe complications are rare. However, mumps can cause:

    There is also some suspicion that mumps may lead to spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), particularly in early pregnancy. But more evidence is needed to confirm that association.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Nivin Todd, MD on January 21, 2016

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