Lupus can affect just about any part of your body, but medicine can help prevent and ease problems. There are also steps you can take on your own to avoid the effects of lupus on your heart, skin, kidneys, eyes, and other areas.
Lupus raises your chances of heart disease and stroke. This is probably due to the long-term inflammation that comes with lupus. Some lupus medicines, such as steroids, may also increase the risk.
Lupus inflames the heart or the sac that surrounds it. This can cause sharp pain in the chest.
Lupus also may inflame the outside lining of your lungs. Pain often gets worse with deep breaths. This is called pleurisy. Sometimes, the lungs can develop scarring from the inflammation and cause shortness of breath.
What you can do:
Avoid smoking.Smoking makes lung infections and heart disease much more likely. It also slows your blood flow and raises your blood pressure.
Get regular exercise. It helps make your heart and lungs stronger. If you want activities that are easy on your joints, try walking, swimming, low-impact aerobics, yoga, Pilates, or using an elliptical machine.
Eat healthy. To keep your weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control, fill up on fruits, veggies, and whole grains. Eat baked or broiled fatty fish like salmon twice a week. It's rich in heart-healthy omega-3 oil. Avoid fast foods and fried foods.
You may become sensitive to the ultraviolet (UV) rays in sunlight, which can cause many skin changes. A common skin problem you might develop is a butterfly-shaped rash on your nose and cheeks. Red, scaly bumps or patches can develop on your body. Coin-like patches called discoid lesions can appear on your body or scalp.
You may also have skin trouble in other areas, such as:
White or blue fingers and toes in response to cold, known as Raynaud's phenomenon
What you can do:
Protect your skin from the sun. Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 50 or higher, and avoid the sun in the middle of the day. Wear wide-brimmed hats and protective clothing in the sun.
Be gentle on your hair. Use a baby shampoo and conditioner. Avoid harsh chemicals on your hair.
Wear mittens and thick socks when it's cold. If you have lupus, Raynaud's is usually related to being in the cold. So do what you can to keep your hands warm.