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Thrush - Medications

Prescription medicines that inhibit the growth of yeast (antifungals) are used to treat thrush.

Antifungal medicines are either applied directly to the affected area (topical) so the medicine affects only that area, or swallowed (oral) so the medicine affects the entire body. In rare cases, an antifungal medicine will need to be injected into a vein (intravenous, or IV).

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Topical antifungal medicines

Topical antifungal medicines are applied to the affected area and are available in several forms, such as rinses and lozenges.

Topical antifungal medicines need to be in contact with the affected area long enough to stop the growth of the yeast. Lozenges are preferred because they take longer to dissolve. Because the lozenges need moisture to dissolve, sipping water while using them may help them work better.

Because several of the topical antifungal medicines contain sugar, there is an increased risk of cavities when the medicines are used for long periods of time. Using a topical fluoride rinse or gel (if you are not already obtaining fluoride through other means) during treatment may help prevent cavities. Talk to your doctor or dentist before you give your child fluoride products. Too much fluoride may be toxic and can stain a child's teeth.

Oral antifungal medicines (pills)

Unlike topical antifungal medicines, oral antifungal medicines affect the whole body. Your doctor may prescribe a pill if you have a thrush infection in your esophagus. Your doctor may suggest that you use a topical antifungal medicine along with it.

Oral antifungal medicines are used to prevent thrush in certain people with conditions that weaken the body's immune system.

Medicine choices

What to think about

  • The type of medicine prescribed will depend on your or your child's health, how bad the infection is, how long the infection has been present, and/or whether the infection has come back.
  • Infants are nearly always treated with topical antifungal medicines. Topical medicines don't work as well in adults, because adults have bigger mouths and it is hard to cover the affected areas.
  • Both polyenes and azoles cure thrush most of the time.
  • An azole or nystatin is usually the first medicine used to treat thrush in children.1
  • If thrush does not respond to medicines, your doctor may do a culture test to find out whether drug-resistant strains of yeast are causing the infection.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: June 18, 2013
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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    Only 18.5% of Americans never floss. You are missing out on a simple way to make a big difference in the health of your mouth. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Floss removes food trapped between the teeth and removes the film of bacteria that forms there before it turns to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Try flossing just one tooth to get started.

    You are one of 31% of Americans who don't floss daily. You are missing out on a simple way to make a big difference in the health of your mouth. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Aim for 3 more days!

    You are one of 31% of Americans who don't floss daily, but you're well on your way to making a positive impact on your teeth and gums. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Aim for all 7 days!

    Only 50.5% of Americans floss daily, and good for you that you are one of them! Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Congratulations on your good oral health habit!

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