Feb. 21, 2000 (Washington) -- The meat cutter's shoulder may hurt from cutting chickens and the autoworker' s back may ache from hanging doors on Chevrolets, but are those injuries covered under the Occupational Safety and Health Administrations's new ergonomic rules?
The proposed guidelines define a musculoskeletal disorder as an "injury or disorder of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, and spinal discs." Signs of an injury include decreased grip strength or range of motion, or deformity or loss of function.
Pain is a normal part of life: a skinned knee, a tension headache, a bone fracture. But sometimes pain becomes chronic -- a problem to explore with your doctor. WebMD asked Eduardo Fraifeld, MD, president of the American Academy of Pain Medicine, to help readers understand acute vs. chronic pain.
For upper extremity injuries like carpal tunnel syndrome, symptoms include numbness, tingling, pain, burning, and cramping in the arms, fingers, or hands. To be covered under the OSHA guidelines, an injury must be diagnosed by a health care professional. It also has to be serious enough to require medical treatment and to require that the employee spend one or more days away from work or be assigned to a less strenuous job.
The condition also needs to be directly related to the employee's job. For example, a warehouse worker's back injury would likely be covered, but his carpal tunnel syndrome probably would not, unless a lot of his job involves entering inventory information into a computer. An injury must also involve a worker's "core" duties: If a poultry processor hurts her back because she routinely changes the water bottle in the break room, the ergonomics requirements would not apply.