Spinal Decompression for Neck Pain - Topic Overview
Spinal decompression surgery reduces pressure on the
spinal cord or
spinal nerve roots and may reduce
neck pain. To relieve the pressure, your doctor may
- Bony growths (osteophytes) and fibrous tissue
that are narrowing the
spinal canal and pressing on spinal nerve roots.
- Parts of the
vertebrae (laminectomy) to enlarge the spinal canal, to relieve pressure on the
spinal nerve roots.
- Disc material (discectomy) from a
herniated disc that pushes into the spinal
In some cases, after bone and disc material are removed, the
affected bone (vertebrae) parts may be joined together (spinal fusion) to stabilize them.
is only done to relieve severe symptoms of neck pain caused by pressure on the
nerve roots (especially from a herniated disc). This pressure on the nerve
roots may also cause arm pain, numbness, or tingling; leg pain, numbness, or
tingling; or problems with bladder or bowel control. In these cases, surgery
usually helps relieve symptoms.
But even neck pain caused by pressure on the nerve roots is usually first
treated without surgery.