Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are spread by
sexual contact involving the genitals, mouth, or rectum, and can also be spread
from a pregnant woman to her fetus before or during delivery. STDs, which
affect both men and women, are a worldwide public health concern.
Birth control implants are devices that are inserted under women's skin. They release a hormone that prevents pregnancy.
Two similar implants available in the U.S. are Implanon and Nexplanon. However Implanon is gradually being replaced by Nexplanon.
Each implant is a plastic rod about the size of a matchstick. The rods contain a form of the hormone progesterone called etonogestrel.
Some STDs, such as HIV, can
take up to 6 months before they can be detected in the blood. Genital herpes
and the human papillomavirus (HPV) can be spread when symptoms are not present.
Even if you and your partner have been tested, use condoms for all sex until
you and your partner haven't had sex with another person for 6 months. Then get
symptoms of STDs, such as unusual discharge, sores,
redness, or growths in your and your partner's genital area, or pain while
Don't have more than one sex partner at a time. The
safest sex is with one partner who has sex only with you. Every time you add a
new sex partner, you are being exposed to all of the diseases that all of their
partners may have. Your risk for an STD increases if you have several sex
partners at the same time.
Use a condom every time you have sex. A condom is the best way
to protect yourself from STDs. Latex and polyurethane condoms do not let STD
viruses pass through, so they offer good protection from STDs. Condoms made
from sheep intestines do not protect against STDs.
water-based lubricant such as K-Y Jelly or Astroglide to help prevent tearing
of the skin if there is a lack of lubrication during sexual intercourse. Small
tears in the vagina during vaginal sex or in the rectum during anal sex allow
STDs to get into your blood.
Avoid douching if you are a woman,
because it can change the normal balance of organisms in the vagina and
increases the risk of getting an STD.
Be responsible. Avoid sexual
contact if you have symptoms of an infection or if you are being treated for an
STD or HIV. If you or your partner has herpes, avoid sexual contact when a
blister is present and use condoms at all other times.