Ingrown Toenail - Topic Overview
Your doctor might give you antibiotics. If your toenail is
very ingrown, your doctor might suggest minor surgery to remove all or part of
the ingrown nail. He or she may refer you to a podiatrist.
this surgery, the doctor will numb your toe. Then he or she will cut the edge
of the ingrown toenail and pull out the piece of nail. To prevent the nail from
growing into the skin again, your doctor might destroy all or part of the nail
root. This is called ablation. If your doctor removes all or part of your nail
but does not destroy the root, it will begin to grow back within a few months.
After the surgery it is important to take care of your toe so
that it can heal. Your doctor will give you specific instructions to follow. He
or she may tell you to:
- Soak your toe in warm water for 15 minutes 2 to 3 times each
- Rub antibiotic ointment 2 times each day on the toe where the
nail was removed.
- Wear a bandage on your toe.
loose-fitting shoes that don't press on the toe where the nail was
- Take pain medicine if your toe hurts.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs),
including aspirin (such as Bayer), ibuprofen (such as Advil), or naproxen (such as Aleve), might help your toe feel better. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20 because of the risk of
How can ingrown toenails be prevented?
You may be able to prevent ingrown toenails by wearing roomy and
comfortable shoes and socks that do not press on your toes. If you work in a
place where your toe might get hurt, wear sturdy shoes such as steel-toed boots
to protect your toes.
Be sure to trim your toenails
properly. You can do this by cutting your toenail straight across, not curved.
Make sure you do not cut your toenail too short. You can also leave your
toenail a little longer at the corners to help it grow over the skin.
If you have
peripheral arterial disease, talk with your doctor
before you trim your own toenails. People with diabetes have a hard time
feeling their toes and might cut themselves without realizing it. Peripheral
arterial disease can cause toes to be very painful.
hospitals and health care centers have foot care clinics, where someone can
help you trim your toenails. Ask your doctor to recommend a foot care clinic
near your home.