TK Baltimore (pronounced "Teak"), 34, a Web developer who lives in New York City, smoked for nearly 20 years. She's lost track of how many times she tried to quit. Here, she shares how she quit smoking without weight gain, and how you can do it too.
Like a lot of people who smoke, I didn't have the most healthy lifestyle. A couple of years ago, I was diagnosed with extremely high cholesterol. My doctor told me that he could put me on medication, or I could try seeing if it was lifestyle-related by eating healthier and getting exercise. Considering high cholesterol didn't run in my family and I knew what my lifestyle was like, I decided to try making some healthy changes, and that included quitting smoking.
Smoking in America is down -- but not out. Today, 20% of U.S. adults are smokers, compared to 45% in 1965, when smoking was at its peak. But even at the current level of tobacco use, an estimated 440,000 Americans per year lose their lives to lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, or other smoking-related illnesses. On average, smokers die 14 years before nonsmokers, and half of all smokers who don't quit are killed by their habit.
People start smoking for many reasons. Many continue to puff...
I got advice from a nutritionist about cleaning up my diet without wanting to die. For example, I added a lot of whole grains to my diet -- brown rice, whole-wheat pasta. And I started sharing the yolks of my eggs with my dog when I made an omelet in the morning. But the biggest part was exercise. I had been completely sedentary -- the only exercise I got was a ski trip once a year and walking around Manhattan. So I started going to the gym three or four days a week, doing weight training and cardio.
Another thing that was important: When I quit smoking, I avoided the bars, and I wasn't getting all those calories from alcohol! I actually managed to lose about 20 pounds while quitting smoking, and I've kept most of it off. I have to be honest, though. … I've definitely backslid with stopping smoking. It's hard, because my husband smokes too. We quit together, and when he started again, it was hard for me not to. It's really an ongoing process.
Why It's Hard to Quit Smoking Without Weight Gain
On average, people who quit smoking gain about 10 pounds, according to Trina Ita, Quitline counseling supervisor for the American Cancer Society.
Weight gain while quitting smoking can be traced to two factors.
First, you eat more. If you're not smoking, you want to put something else in your mouth. Since you now can smell and taste food better, things like sugary and sweet foods become very attractive.
The second reason is metabolic. "Nicotine increases the metabolic rate. When you stop smoking, your metabolic rate decreases," explains Lirio Covey, PhD, director of the smoking cessation program at Columbia University in New York.