Your doctor will probably prescribe several medicines after you have had a stroke. Medicines to prevent blood clots are typically used, because blood clots can cause TIAs and strokes.
The types of medicines that prevent clotting are:
- Anticoagulant medicines.
- Antiplatelet medicines.
Cholesterol-lowering and blood-pressure–lowering medicines are also used to prevent TIAs and strokes.
Anticoagulants such as warfarin (for example, Coumadin) prevent blood clots from forming and keep existing blood clots from getting bigger.
You may need to take this type of medicine after a stroke if you have atrial fibrillation or another condition that makes you more likely to have another stroke. For more information, see the topic Atrial Fibrillation.
Antiplatelet medicines keep
platelets in the blood from sticking together.
- Aspirin (for example, Bayer) is most often used to prevent TIAs
- Aspirin combined with dipyridamole (Aggrenox)
is a safe and effective alternative to aspirin.
- Clopidogrel (Plavix) may be used
for people who cannot take aspirin.
- Blood Thinners Other Than Warfarin: Taking Them Safely
Statins lower cholesterol and your risk for another stroke.
Blood pressure medicines
If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may want you to take medicines to lower it. Blood pressure medicines include:
Medicines used to treat depression and pain may also be
prescribed after a stroke.