Vaccines aren’t just for kids. All adults need at least one every year.
Getting vaccinated not only protects you from diseases -- it can also help you protect the health of people around you, who may not be able to get vaccinated themselves, like infants and people going through cancer treatment.
Did You Know?
Under the Affordable Care Act, many health insurance plans will cover preventive care services, including checkups, vaccinations and screening tests, at no cost to you. Learn more.
Use this chart to know which vaccines you should get.
Who’s It For?
When to Get It
Every year. The annual flu vaccine usually becomes available in the early fall. But if you didn’t get it right away, there’s still plenty of time to protect yourself. Flu season usually peaks in January and February.
Tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough (Tdap)
Once, and then a Td booster every 10 years. If you are pregnant, you should also get the Tdap vaccine, between 27 and 36 weeks.
HPV (protects against human papillomaviruses that cause most cervical cancers, anal cancer, and genital warts)
Women up to age 26, men up to age 21, and men who have sex with men up to age 26 who did not receive the vaccine as a child.
This is a series of 3 shots given over a few months.
Adults 65 or older. Adults younger than 65 who are cigarette smokers, or who have certain other conditions such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease, should also get these vaccines.
There are two: Get both the PCV13 and the PPSV23, but not at the same visit (usually at least a year apart). PCV13 is usually given first. You may need a booster after 5 years.
Adults 60 or older.
All adults 60 and over should get the vaccine at least once, even if they don’t remember having had chickenpox, which is caused by the same virus as shingles. Protection lasts about 5 years, so you may need a booster later on.
Adults who did not receive the MMR vaccine as a child, or who’ve had lab tests showing they are not immune to measles, mumps, and rubella.
One time for most adults. Some people, including college students and travelers to some foreign countries, may need two doses.
Meningococcal disease (the leading cause of meningitis)
First-year college students living in residence halls and young adults up to age 21 who didn’t get the vaccine earlier. In some cases, other adults may need the vaccine, including military recruits, and people traveling to countries where meningococcal disease is common. Talk to your doctor about whether you need it.