If you have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) or AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), you should take special precautions against other infections, such as the flu. That's because you have a disease that makes it difficult for your immune system to fight them. Vaccines (immunizations) can help your body defend itself against infections. However, if you have HIV/AIDS immunizations may effect you differently than people who don't have HIV/AIDS.
Not all vaccines are safe for people with HIV/AIDS...
Anyone can get influenza, but rates of infection are highest among children.
For most people, it lasts only a few days. It can cause:
Some people get much sicker. Influenza can lead to pneumonia and can be
dangerous for people with heart or breathing conditions. It can cause high
fever, diarrhea, and seizures in children. On average, 226,000 people are
hospitalized every year because of influenza and 36,000 die – mostly
Live, attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) contains live but attenuated
(weakened) influenza virus. It is sprayed into the nostrils.
Inactivated influenza vaccine, sometimes called the “flu shot,” is given by
injection. Inactivated influenza vaccine is described in a separate Vaccine
Influenza viruses are always changing. Because of this, influenza vaccines
are updated every year, and an annual vaccination is recommended.
Each year scientists try to match the viruses in the vaccine to those most
likely to cause flu that year. When there is a close match the vaccine protects
most people from serious influenza-related illness. But even when the there is
not a close match, the vaccine provides some protection.
Influenza vaccine will not prevent “influenza-like” illnesses caused by
other viruses. It takes up to 2 weeks for protection to develop after the
vaccination. Protection lasts up to a year.
LAIV does not contain thimerosal or other preservatives.