Meditation and Yoga for ADHD

Medication and therapy are good ways to manage your ADHD symptoms. But they're not your only options. Research now shows that mindfulness meditation -- where you actively observe your moment-to-moment thoughts and feelings- -- may also be a good way to calm your mind and improve your focus.

More than a third of adults with ADHD use this practice, and about 40% give it high ratings, according to a 2017 survey by ADDitude magazine.

Unlike other treatments, mindfulness meditation doesn't need a prescription or a trip to a therapist's office. You can practice it sitting or walking, or even through some types of yoga.

How It Works

When a specific muscle is weak, you can do exercises to make it stronger. The same thing is true for your brain.

Mindfulness meditation strengthens your ability to control your attention. It teaches you how to observe yourself and to focus on something. And it trains you to bring your wandering mind back into the moment when you get distracted. It can also make you more aware of your emotions so you're less likely to act impulsively.

Meditation is thought to help with ADHD because it thickens your prefrontal cortex, a part of your brain that's involved in focus, planning, and impulse control. It also raises your brain's level of dopamine, which is in short supply in ADHD brains.

Research shows that mindfulness meditation can be very helpful in relieving ADHD symptoms. One landmark UCLA study found that people with ADHD who attended a mindfulness meditation session once a week for 2 1/2 hours, then completed a daily home meditation practice that gradually increased from 5 to 15 minutes over 8 weeks, were better able to stay focused on tasks. They were also less depressed and anxious. Other studies since then have had similar results.

Yoga has been shown to help improve ADHD symptoms, too, although most of the research has been done with children. Like mindfulness meditation, it ups dopamine levels and strengthens the prefrontal cortex. One study found that kids who practiced yoga moves for 20 minutes twice a week for 8 weeks improved on tests that measure attention and focus.

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Other Benefits

Beyond helping with their symptoms, this type of relaxation technique can also help people with ADHD:

Because people with ADHD may have trouble getting stuff done on time and can be forgetful, they tend to be very critical of themselves. But you can use meditation as a tool to tune out the judgmental voice in your head.

People who regularly do mindfulness meditation have been found to have lower levels of stress hormones when they're in settings or situations that cause anxiety, like when you feel helpless and out of control.

Research also shows that mindfulness meditation can lead to shedding pounds, probably because it encourages you to think more carefully about everything you're doing, including what you eat.

Tips for Meditating With ADHD

Are too many things running through your mind? Picture a blue sky with fluffy white clouds. The sky represents your awareness; the clouds represent your thoughts. Focus on the moments of "space" between the clouds to redirect yourself.

If you have trouble staying still, a moving meditation as you walk slowly can be just as good as a sitting version. When your mind wanders, gently bring your attention back to the sensations on the soles of your feet.

Create some cues to help make it a regular habit. Mark it down in your calendar, or set your phone to remind you at a specific time.

Just like having a buddy to keep you company during workouts can make exercise easier, having someone to do meditation or yoga with can help you to stick with it.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari, MD on January 16, 2018

Sources

SOURCES:

Anxiety And Depression Association Of America: "Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder)."

UCLA Mindful Awareness Research Center: "Frequently Asked Questions."

ADDitude: "Special Report: How You Are Treating ADHD or ADD Today."

Lidia Zylowska, MD, associate professor, department of psychiatry, University of Minnesota Medical School; author, The Mindfulness Prescription for Adult ADHD, Trumpeter, 2012.

Ancient Science of Life: "Meditation and Yoga can Modulate Brain Mechanisms that affect Behavior and Anxiety-A Modern Scientific Perspective."

Journal of Attention Disorders: "Mindfulness Meditation Training in Adults and Adolescents With ADHD: A Feasibility Study," "A Pilot Trial of Mindfulness Meditation Training for ADHD in Adulthood: Impact on Core Symptoms, Executive Functioning, and Emotion Dysregulation."

Peer J: "Effects of an 8-week yoga program on sustained attention and discrimination function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder."

Psychiatry Research: "The effect of mindfulness meditation training on biological acute stress responses in generalized anxiety disorder."

Current Psychiatry Reports: "Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Obesity: Update 2016."

Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine: "Effect of mindfulness meditation on short-term weight loss and eating behaviors in overweight and obese adults: A randomized controlled trial."

Cognitive Behavioral Practices: "Mindfulness Meditation Training for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adulthood: Current Empirical Support, Treatment Overview, and Future Directions."

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