How Can I Prevent a Miscarriage?
However, not all miscarriages are caused by genetic abnormalities. If you have had a miscarriage, work with your health care provider to determine the reason for your miscarriage, if possible, and to plan a future pregnancy. A healthy lifestyle before and during pregnancy may help. Here are some tips that may help prevent miscarriage:
- Be sure to take at least 400 mcg of folic acid every day, beginning at least one to two months before conception, if possible.
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat healthy, well-balanced meals.
- Manage stress.
- Keep your weight within normal limits.
- Don't smoke and stay away from secondhand smoke.
- Don't drink alcohol or have more than one to two cups of a caffeinated beverage like coffee a day.
- Avoid illicit drugs.
- Make sure you are up to date on immunizations.
These steps may help to prevent miscarriage, too:
- Avoid radiation and poisons such as arsenic, lead, formaldehyde, benzene, and ethylene oxide.
- Take special care to keep your abdomen safe while pregnant. Avoid sports that carry a higher risk for injury, such as contact sports and skiing, and always wear your seat belt.
- Check with your health care provider before taking any medication including over-the-counter drugs during pregnancy.
- Avoid environmental hazards such as X-rays and infectious diseases.
You can also help ensure a healthy baby by finding out about and treating any health conditions you have before you try to conceive. If, for example, you know a previous miscarriage was due to an autoimmune response or a hormonal imbalance, seek treatment for this underlying condition. Once you become pregnant, get early, comprehensive prenatal care to improve your chances of a healthy pregnancy.