Baby getting diapers
1 / 11

1. Diarrhea

An infection, trouble digesting certain foods, or too much fruit juice or milk are among the causes. If your child gets it, keep them at home and hydrated. If they're on solids, avoid high-fiber and greasy foods. Call the doctor if they aren't better in 24 hours, is under 6 months old, or has other symptoms, such as a fever of 101 or higher, vomiting, peeing less than usual, fast heart rate, bloody or black stool, or belly pain.

Swipe to advance
Mother checking baby for fever
2 / 11

2. Fever

Call the doctor immediately if:

  • A baby under 3 months has a rectal temperature of 100.4 or higher.
  • A baby 3 to 6 months old has a temperature of 101 or higher.
  • Or if an infant is crying, irritable, and can't be comforted.

Watch for ear pain, a cough, lethargy, a rash, vomiting, or diarrhea. Soothe your little one with fluids, a lukewarm bath, and by dressing them in lightweight clothes. Ask your doctor about safe ways to lower a fever. Fever with petechiae or purpura -- two conditions identified by colored spots or a rash on the skin that comes from blood vessels leaking blood -- is a serious emergency for which you should contact your doctor.

Swipe to advance
Baby drinking prune juice
3 / 11

3. Constipation

Some babies poop several times a day. Others go a few days between bowel movements. Constipation is when stools are hard and painful to pass. Your doctor may suggest that you add a few extra ounces of water or a bit of prune juice to your child's bottle or sippy cup.The doctor may also tell you to limit dairy intake to less than 16 ounces per day, Call the doctor if the problem continues or your baby has other symptoms, such as belly pain or vomiting.

Swipe to advance
Baby with pimples
4 / 11

4. Rashes

Babies have sensitive skin. Rashes can range from pimples to little white bumps (milia) to red, dry, itchy patches (eczema). To avoid diaper rash, change diapers often, and apply an ointment for protection. For eczema, skip harsh soaps and keep your child's skin moisturized. Most rashes aren't serious. But call the doctor if the one your baby has is painful or severe or if  they also have a fever or blisters.

Swipe to advance
Toddler sleeping with humidifier
5 / 11

5. Cough

Listen to how it sounds. A seal-like bark could be croup. Coughs with a mild fever are often from a cold. A higher persistent fever may mean pneumonia or the flu. Wheezing with a cough could be asthma or an infection. Babies with pertussis have coughing spasms and make a "whooping" sound. A cool-mist humidifier and fluids can ease the symptoms. Don’t give cough or cold medicines to babies or children younger than 4 years.

Swipe to advance
baby crying
6 / 11

6. Stomachache

When your little one has an upset tummy, they may cry a lot, arch their back, and spit up. It can happen because of colic, reflux, trouble with certain foods, an infection, or other reasons. Some tots have problems as they try different foods. Most stomachaches are harmless and brief. But call the doctor if it doesn't improve, or your child vomits, has diarrhea, becomes lethargic, or runs a fever.

Swipe to advance
Baby chewing on teething ring
7 / 11

7. Teething Pain

By the time they're about 6 months old, tiny teeth will start to poke through their gums. That often makes babies cry a lot! Give them something to chew on. A rubber teething ring that’s BPA-free works well. You can also gently massage your baby’s gums with your finger, or give them something cool to chew on, like a wet, cold washcloth. You can ask your doctor if a pain reliever such as acetaminophen is OK.

Swipe to advance
Mother burping baby
8 / 11

8. Gassiness

It’s normal! To help your baby not be too gassy, feed them slowly and gently burp them often. Take a burp break while feeding and after, too.  If you use formula, try not to shake it a lot (to avoid bubbles).

Swipe to advance
Mother suctioning babys nose
9 / 11

9. Stuffy Noses

Baby’s congested? Don’t use over-the-counter cold medicine in children under 4 years. Instead, use saline drops to thin out mucus, and then suction it out of your child's nose with a bulb syringe or nasal aspirator. A vaporizer machine can help them breathe easier at night.

Swipe to advance
Toddler with nausea
10 / 11

10. Nausea and Vomiting

It’s common -- and harmless! -- for babies to spit up a bit after eating. Little kids can get upset tummies, too. Keep yours hydrated. Call the doctor if the vomiting doesn't stop in a few hours, happens in a baby who also has a fever, or if your child can’t keep down fluids.

Swipe to advance
Mother calming crying baby
11 / 11

How to Keep Your Cool

When your baby feels bad, you do too. Try to stay calm and trust your instincts. Watch for signs that they need a doctor or emergency medical care. Some warning signs include appetite changes, extreme fussiness, lethargy, breathing problems, rashes -- especially a rapid spreading one--, a stiff neck, seizure, a high fever, and a lack of wet diapers.

Swipe to advance

Up Next

Next Slideshow Title

Sources | Medically Reviewed on 06/01/2020 Reviewed by Renee A. Alli, MD on June 01, 2020


(1)   Adriaan Vorster / Gallo Images
(2)   Tetra Images
(3)   Ghislain & Marie David de Lossy / The Image Bank
(4)   Michele Constantini / PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections
(5)   Ross Whitaker / Riser
(6)   Getty Images
(7)   Jamie Grill
(8)   Science Photo Library
(9)   Frederic Cirou / PhotoAlto Agency
(10)   Thinkstock Images
(11)   Lisa Spindler / Photonica


American Academy of Family Physicians.
American Academy of Pediatrics.
Baby Center web site.
Behrman, R., Kliegman, R., and Jenson, H. (eds.). Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 17th edition, Saunders, 2004.
Children's Physician Network.
Florida Health Finder.
Journal of the American Medical Association, March 10, 2004.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Texas Children's Hospital.
The Nemours Foundation.

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli, MD on June 01, 2020

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.