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Mayo Clinic: "Diseases and Conditions -- Gallstones."
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Gallstones."
Massachusetts General Hospital: "Conditions and Treatments -- Cholecystitis. "
American College of Gastroenterology: "Gallstones in Women."
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Dieting and Gallstones."
American Heart Association: "Cholesterol Medications."
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, November 2001.
Drug Safety, January-February, 1992.
Nigerian Journal of Surgery, July-December, 2013.
Neuroendocrinology Letters, February-April, 2003.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Smoking and the Digestive System."
Smokefree.gov by the National Cancer Institute: "Benefits of Quitting."
United Kingdom National Health Service: "Gallbladder Removal."
Reviewed by Minesh Khatri, MD on April 21, 2017
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
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