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American Addiction Centers: “What’s An Amphetamine? Addiction: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment.”
American Association for Clinical Chemistry: “Rifampin Interference with Opiate Immunoassays.”
Drug Enforcement Administration: “Dextromethorphan.”
FDA: “Zoloft (sertraline hydrochloride) Label.”
Journal of Analytical Toxicology: “Non-Smoker Exposure to Secondhand Cannabis Smoke. I. Urine Screening and Confirmation Results.”
Massachusetts Medical Society: “Urine Abstinence Testing And Incidental Alcohol Exposure.”
Mayo Clinic: “Urine Drug Screening: Practical Guide for Clinicians.”
National Center for Biotechnology Information: “Investigation of interference by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in urine tests for abused drugs,” “False positive urine drug screens from quinine in tonic water,” “Cardiac Complications of Unwitting Co-injection of Quinine/Quinidine with Heroin in an Intravenous Drug User,” “The dextromethorphan defense: dextromethorphan and the opioid screen,” “A positive cannabinoids workplace drug test following the ingestion of commercially available hemp seed oil,” “Efavirenz use may cause false positive result for marijuana,” “Urine opiate screening: false-positive result with levofloxacin,” “An Overview of Clinical Pharmacology of Ibuprofen.”
National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens: “What is Hemp?”
National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Misuse of Prescription Drugs,” “Benzodiazepines and Opioids.”
Operation Supplement Safety: “Weight-Loss Prescription Drugs: Phentermine.”
Pharmacokinetics in Psychiatry and Neurology: “Urine drug screens: Considerations for the psychiatric pharmacist.”
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: “Clinical Drug Testing in Primary Care,” “Methadone.”
The Brookings Institution: “The Farm Bill, hemp legalization and the status of CBD: An explainer.”
U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Drug Testing,” “Quinine,” “Diphenhydramine,” “Dextromethorphan,” “Efavirenz,” “Amphetamine,” “Sertraline.”
University of Florida: “Germ-killing sanitizers could have effect on alcohol tests.”
American Alliance Drug Testing: “SAMSHA Guidelines -- Mandatory Federal Workplace Drug Testing Guidelines.”
Quest Diagnostics Employer Solutions Blog: “Cannabidiol and drug tests.”
Reviewed by Jennifer Casarella on September 24, 2019
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