Gabitril

GENERIC NAME(S): Tiagabine

OTHER NAME(S): Gabitril Tablet

Uses

Uses

Tiagabine is used with other medications to treat certain types of seizures (focal seizures). It works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain. This medication is known as an anticonvulsant or anti-epileptic drug.

When tiagabine has been used for conditions other than epilepsy, serious reactions (including seizures in people who have never had them) have occurred. Talk to your doctor for more details.

How to use Gabitril

Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking tiagabine and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth with food as directed by your doctor. To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. During the first week of treatment, this medication is usually taken once a day. On the following weeks, your doctor may increase your dose to 2 to 4 times daily. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.

Tiagabine is not usually used by itself. Do not stop your other anti-seizure medication unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day.

Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions (such as seizures) may become worse when this drug is suddenly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually decreased.

If you stop taking this medication for several days, talk with your doctor about how to restart it. You may need to restart with a low dose and slowly increase your dose again.

Tell your doctor if your seizures get worse.

Side Effects

Side Effects

Dizziness, drowsiness, stomach pain, diarrhea, nervousness, tiredness, or shaking may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: weakness, trouble concentrating/paying attention, trouble speaking, confusion.

A small number of people who take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizure, bipolar disorder, pain) may experience depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood problems. Tell your doctor right away if you or your family/caregiver notice any unusual/sudden changes in your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of depression, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.

Get medical help right away if you have a seizure that doesn't stop (status epilepticus). This is a very rare but very serious side effect.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Precautions

Before taking tiagabine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, mental/mood disorders (such as depression, suicidal thoughts), seizure that doesn't stop (status epilepticus).

This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana can make you more dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness or confusion. These effects can increase the risk of falling.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Interactions

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

A product that may interact with this drug is: orlistat.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness including alcohol, marijuana, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine), and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine, hydrocodone).

Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.

Overdose

Overdose

If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness, uncontrolled seizure, slow/shallow breathing, loss of consciousness.

Notes

Do not share this medication with others.

Lab and/or medical tests (such as tiagabine blood levels) should be done while you are taking this medication. Keep all medical and lab appointments.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip themissed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up. If you miss taking this medication for several days, contact your doctor for instructions.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.Information last revised September 2017. Copyright(c) 2017 First Databank, Inc.

Images
Gabitril 4 mg tablet
Gabitril 4 mg tableticonicon
Gabitril 4 mg tablet

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logo, 404
Gabitril 2 mg tablet
Gabitril 2 mg tableticonicon
Gabitril 2 mg tablet

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orange-peach
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Gabitril 12 mg tablet
Gabitril 12 mg tableticonicon
Gabitril 12 mg tablet

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logo, 412
Gabitril 16 mg tablet
Gabitril 16 mg tableticonicon
Gabitril 16 mg tablet

color
blue
shape
oval
imprint
logo, 416
Gabitril 4 mg tablet
Gabitril 4 mg tablet

color
yellow
shape
round
imprint
logo, 404
This medicine is a yellow, round, film-coated, tablet imprinted with "logo" and "404".
Gabitril 2 mg tablet
Gabitril 2 mg tablet

color
orange-peach
shape
round
imprint
logo, 402
This medicine is a orange-peach, round, film-coated, tablet imprinted with "logo" and "402".
Gabitril 12 mg tablet
Gabitril 12 mg tablet

color
green
shape
oval
imprint
logo, 412
This medicine is a green, oval, film-coated, tablet imprinted with "logo" and "412".
Gabitril 16 mg tablet
Gabitril 16 mg tablet

color
blue
shape
oval
imprint
logo, 416
This medicine is a blue, oval, film-coated, tablet imprinted with "logo" and "416".

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Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, expect as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.