One explanation for trouble sleeping is that, with fibromyalgia, the normal order of brain waves gets messed up. Deep sleep patterns are disrupted by brain waves that signal wakefulness, so you never really settle into good sleep.
So what can you do to get the rest you need?
Some fibro medicines target the pain keeping you up at night, and some may help with sleep quality. An extended-release version of the drug may do a better job easing pain so you can get more and better sleep.
But not everyone is helped, or helped enough, by medication.
Many people with fibromyalgia have another sleep disorder. For more than half of them, it's restless legs syndrome (RLS). Having both conditions can make you sleepier during the day. Treating RLS can help.
Sleep apnea causes dangerous pauses in your breathing while you sleep. Because the sleep problems of people with fibromyalgia are so similar, researchers are looking into whether sleep apnea treatment helps, even without an apnea diagnosis.
Regular exercise is an essential part of fibromyalgia treatment, but timing matters. Daytime workouts can improve nighttime sleep. But activity within 3 hours of bedtime could wind you up too much to fall asleep.
Workouts in a pool may feel less taxing because the water cushions your body.
Listening to music before bed can enhance sleep. People with fibro in a 4-week study could adjust the sound and how long they listened, and replay it if they woke up during the night. Everyone heard the same mix: "Music to Promote Sleep" on the Sonic Aid label was chosen for its specific beats.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Using CBT for fibro-related insomnia may improve alertness and thinking ability and lessen anxiety. It can be especially helpful if you're stuck in a negative thought spiral: Many people worry that they won't be able to sleep because of their pain, which in turn makes the pain worse so it's harder to sleep.
Healthy Sleep Habits
When you see a sleep specialist for insomnia, you learn about good sleep hygiene, habits that help promote sleep. These very simple steps can help lessen pain and fatigue and improve your sleep quality.
Make sleep a priority, and set a sleep schedule. Go to bed at the same time and get up at the same time every day, weekends included.
Create a tranquil bedroom environment. Loud noise, like a blaring TV, can worsen chronic pain. Keep the room dark, quiet, and cool. Treat yourself to a comfortable mattress and bedding.
Try to skip daytime naps, which can mess with nighttime sleep. If you must, snooze for no more than 60 minutes and get moving as soon as you wake up.
Avoid evening activities that keep your brain buzzing, like working right up to bedtime, watching late-night TV, or even reading a thriller. Turn off all gadgets at least an hour before lights out. Then wind down with a warm bath or deep breathing.