1. Remove Pubic Lice and Eggs
- Use an over-the-counter lotion or anti-lice shampoo. Follow instructions on the label.
- The shampoo will kill the lice, but eggs - nits - may remain on hair shafts. After treatment, remove nits with fingernails, tweezers, or a fine-toothed comb. A mirror, magnifying glass, and a bright light may help.
2. Stop the Spread
- Check other family members for crabs. Anyone who sleeps in the same bed as the person should be treated, even if no pubic lice are found.
- Wash clothes, bedding, or towels used by the person in the two days before treatment. Use hot water.
- Dry-clean or store Items that can't be washed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks.
3. Follow Up
- Treatment may need to be repeated 9 to 10 days later.
- Avoid sexual contact until the person and sexual partners have been treated and re-evaluated.
4. See a Health Care Provider
- To be checked for other sexually transmitted diseases
- If a second round of over-the-counter treatment isn't effective
- If the person develops an infection from scratching the affected area
- If fingers or combs aren't enough to remove lice or nits in eyebrows and eyelashes. A health care provider can prescribe ophthalmic grade petroleum jelly.