1. Get Emergency Help If the Person:
- Is unconscious
- Is dizzy or confused
- Has chest pain or tightness
- Is coughing or choking violently
- Has wheezing, shortness of breath, or irregular breathing
- Has ash or smoke around mouth and nose
- Has burns inside mouth, throat, and nose
- Has swollen airways
- Has black or gray saliva
- Is nauseated or vomiting
- Is hoarse
- Has double or blurry vision
- Has numbness or tingling in their extremities
If the person is alert, ask if they have a lung disease such as COPD or asthma, and check to see if the person's acute inhaler is nearby for the person to self-administer.
2. Get the Person to Safety
- Move the person into fresh air if you can do so safely.
3. Give CPR
While waiting for help, if the person is not breathing, give CPR:
- For a child, start CPR for children
- For an adult, start adult CPR.
- Make sure emergency help is on its way, and do what you can to treat the person for shock until it arrives. See Shock Treatment.
4. Go to a Hospital Emergency Room
- The person should be examined immediately, even if there are no symptoms.
- Damage from toxin inhalation may not show up for hours and can worsen quickly.
5. Follow Up
At the hospital, the next steps depend on the particular case.
- A doctor will examine the person's airways for damage, do tests, and may administer oxygen.
- The person may be hospitalized.