1. Get Emergency Help If the Person:
- Is unconscious
- Is dizzy or confused
- Has chest pain or tightness
- Is coughing or choking violently
- Has wheezing, shortness of breath, or irregular breathing
- Has ash or smoke around mouth and nose
- Has burns inside mouth, throat, and nose
- Has swollen airways
- Has black or gray saliva
- Is nauseated or vomiting
- Is hoarse
- Has double or blurry vision
- Has numbness or tingling in his or her extremities
2. Get the Person to Safety
- Move the person into fresh air if you can do so safely.
- Sit or lay the person down on their side, not their back. If the person is vomiting or coughing up phlegm, you don't want him choking on it.
3. Give CPR
While waiting for help, if the person is not breathing, give CPR:
- For a child, start CPR for children
- For an adult, start adult CPR.
- Make sure emergency help in on its way, and do what you can to treat the person for shock until it arrives. See Shock Treatment.
4. Go to a Hospital Emergency Room
- The person should be examined immediately, even if there are no symptoms.
- Damage from toxin inhalation may not show up for hours and can worsen quickly.
5. Follow Up
At the hospital, the next steps depend on the particular case.
- A doctor will examine the person's airways for damage, do tests, and may administer oxygen.
- The person may be hospitalized.