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What is combination hormone therapy?

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Combination therapy combines doses of estrogen and progestin, the lab-made form of progesterone. It’s meant for women who still have their uterus. Taking estrogen with progesterone lowers your chances for cancer of the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. Progesterone also can help treat many menopausal symptoms, like hot flashes

SOURCES:

Garnet Anderson, PhD, director, public health sciences division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle.

Cleveland Clinic: “Hormone Therapy (HT), Understanding Benefits and Risks.”

John Hopkins Medicine: “Hormone Therapy.”

Journal of the American Medical Association, Oct. 2, 2013.

Main Line Health: “Estrogen, Progesterone, and Menopause.”

JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH, chief, preventative medicine division, department of medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston.

National Cancer Institute: “Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Cancer Fact Sheet.”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “Women’s Health Initiative.”

National Institutes of Health: “WHI Study Data Confirm Short-Term Heart Disease Risk of Combination Hormone Therapy for Postmenopausal Women.”

National Institute on Aging: “Hormones and Menopause."

North American Menopause Society: “Hormone Therapy for women in 2012.”

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT).”

U.S. Preventative Services Task Force: “Understanding Task Force Recommendations: Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions.”

Reviewed by Kecia Gaither on December 4, 2019

SOURCES:

Garnet Anderson, PhD, director, public health sciences division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle.

Cleveland Clinic: “Hormone Therapy (HT), Understanding Benefits and Risks.”

John Hopkins Medicine: “Hormone Therapy.”

Journal of the American Medical Association, Oct. 2, 2013.

Main Line Health: “Estrogen, Progesterone, and Menopause.”

JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH, chief, preventative medicine division, department of medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston.

National Cancer Institute: “Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Cancer Fact Sheet.”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “Women’s Health Initiative.”

National Institutes of Health: “WHI Study Data Confirm Short-Term Heart Disease Risk of Combination Hormone Therapy for Postmenopausal Women.”

National Institute on Aging: “Hormones and Menopause."

North American Menopause Society: “Hormone Therapy for women in 2012.”

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT).”

U.S. Preventative Services Task Force: “Understanding Task Force Recommendations: Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions.”

Reviewed by Kecia Gaither on December 4, 2019

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