These headaches often begin with pain around the eye and temple. Then they can spread to the back of your head. Symptoms also might include an aura, which can be visual signs like a halo or flashing lights that sometimes come before the pain starts.
If you get migraines, you can learn to avoid the things that trigger them. You might get them from:
- Lack of sleep
- Weather changes
- Things you eat or drink like alcohol, chocolate, or MSG
- Missing a meal
Sometimes only prescription drugs ease the pain. Some of the most common are triptans, which help most people within 2 hours if taken early enough. People who get chronic migraines often take medicine every day to help cut back on how many they have.
These are the most common types of headaches. They usually cause a dull pain on both sides of your head or across the front of your head, behind your eyes. Your shoulders and neck might also hurt. Tension headaches might last from 20 minutes to a few hours.
You can often get relief with over-the-counter pain medicine. It may also help to try a heating pad, warm shower, or rest until the headache goes away.
These cause extreme pain around the eyes -- often around just one eye. They usually come in groups. You may have several of them every day for weeks and then not have any for up to a year or more before they start again.
These aren't very common and are mostly found in men. They are often triggered by alcohol and smoking. Along with the pain, you may also have watery eyes, congestion, and a red, flushed face. The attacks last for 30 to 60 minutes and are so strong that you may be restless and can't stand still while they happen.
Breathing pure oxygen may give relief. Injected triptan drugs and lidocaine nose drops may also help. Some people take medicine such as verapamil to prevent attacks.
A sinus infection (sinusitis) can cause a headache around the eyes, nose, forehead, cheeks, and upper teeth. This is where your sinuses are. You will often also have a fever, congestion, and a thick nasal discharge. The pain usually gets worse throughout the day.
Treat a sinus headache by clearing up the infection. Your doctor might suggest antibiotics and decongestants. Sinus headaches are rare. Migraine and cluster headaches are often misdiagnosed as sinus headaches.
This is when your eyes get tired from working too hard -- doing things like staring at a computer screen or driving for a long time.
Other symptoms can include:
Eyestrain isn't serious and usually goes away when you rest your eyes.