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What are parathyroid glands?

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These four tiny glands control the levels of calcium in your bones and blood. You need calcium for good bone health. When your body needs calcium, parathyroids make a hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH). Your body reacts by absorbing more calcium from food and keeping it from leaving through your urine.

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Hyperparathyroidism."

American Association of Endocrine Surgeons: "Parathyroid Gland."

Collinge, C. , 2016. International Journal of the Care of the Injured

International Osteoporosis Foundation: "Teriparatide."

National Osteoporosis Foundation: "Calcium and Vitamin D: What You Need To Know."

National Osteoporosis Society - UK: "Hyperparathyroid and Osteoporosis."

NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center: "What Is Osteoporosis? Fast Facts: An Easy-to-Read Series of Publications for the Public."

Nordin, BE. , 1997. Nutrition

Mayo Clinic: "Hyperparathyroidism," "Teriparatide."

UpToDate: "Parathyroid hormone therapy for osteoporosis," "Primary hyperparathyroidism: Management."

 

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on June 18, 2018

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Hyperparathyroidism."

American Association of Endocrine Surgeons: "Parathyroid Gland."

Collinge, C. , 2016. International Journal of the Care of the Injured

International Osteoporosis Foundation: "Teriparatide."

National Osteoporosis Foundation: "Calcium and Vitamin D: What You Need To Know."

National Osteoporosis Society - UK: "Hyperparathyroid and Osteoporosis."

NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center: "What Is Osteoporosis? Fast Facts: An Easy-to-Read Series of Publications for the Public."

Nordin, BE. , 1997. Nutrition

Mayo Clinic: "Hyperparathyroidism," "Teriparatide."

UpToDate: "Parathyroid hormone therapy for osteoporosis," "Primary hyperparathyroidism: Management."

 

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on June 18, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

What is hyperparathyroid disease or hyperparathyroidism?

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