When you have rheumatoid arthritis (RA), you may have a higher risk of getting COVID-19 with severe symptoms.
Experts aren’t sure why, but it’s possible that RA makes infection more likely. Medications that suppress your immune system may also put you at a higher risk. Age and other underlying conditions may also play a role. If you get infected, your symptoms may be more severe.
To protect yourself from COVID-19, start with these basics:
- Wash your hands often. Use soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Try to keep your hands away from your face. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- If you don’t have soap and water, use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces often.
- Stay home when you can.
- Wear a face mask when you go out in public.
- Practice social distancing. Stay at least 6 feet away from others.
- Avoid crowded areas, large gatherings, and public transportation.
- Don’t go near people who are sick.
There are many more things you can do to limit your exposure and reduce your risk. Take these simple steps.
Talk to Your Doctor if You Feel Sick or May Have Been Exposed to COVID-19
Because you have higher risk, it’s important to talk to your doctor if you feel sick or were exposed to COVID-19. Call right away if you have a fever, shortness of breath, or a cough. Avoid walk-in visits unless it’s a true emergency. Call your doctor, urgent care center, or hospital to see if you should come in.
The safest way to avoid exposure to germs is to stay home. Instead of in-person medical visits, try telemedicine. Many rheumatologists and other health care professionals now offer virtual visits on your smartphone, tablet, or computer. It’s easy, convenient, and helps you stay healthy without risk of exposure.
Don’t Stop Your Medications on Your Own
Experts don’t yet know how rheumatology medications affect COVID-19, so it’s important to make decisions with your doctor. Going off your medication may trigger a flare, which may be even worse. Don’t do it on your own. Talk to your doctor to weigh the risks and benefits together.
Get Your Flu Shot
With RA, it’s extra important to keep up with your vaccines. That starts with a flu shot. Talk to your doctor about getting a flu shot. Ask if you should also get pneumonia and shingles vaccines.
Use Masks the Right Way
Always wear a face mask in public, especially when you can’t keep a safe social distance of 6 feet. Choose a mask with two or more layers, which is best for stopping the spread of COVID-19. Make sure it covers both your nose and your mouth. After you touch a used mask, wash your hands. Skip the gaiters and face shields. The CDC doesn’t recommend them because they don’t yet know how well they work.
Make trips to the store less
tiring and easier
on your joints.
Try these tips!
Before you go, make a shopping
It may help you roam fewer
If you know the store's layout,
write down your groceries
in the order you'll find them,
starting with the aisle closest
to the entrance.
Get your credit or charge cards
ready by making them easier
Just add a bit of masking tape
to the side
across from the magnetic strip
or the chip.
Bring a few reusable tote bags,
They may be more
comfortable to carry
than plastic or paper ones.
You could also bring a pair
of gloves that have grips
They might help you grasp
groceries more easily.
While you're shopping,
handle any heavy packages
of food carefully.
Cradle one using the insides
of your elbows,
and hug it close to your body
before you put it
into the shopping cart.
You can also ask store staff
for help lifting big items.
Speak up if you need other kinds
of help, too.
At the checkout line,
you could ask an employee
to help you load your bags
into your car.
And once you're home,
you can ask a family member
or a neighbor
for a hand unloading
If you have a day when you're
feeling too tired or achy
to shop, think about shopping
You can order your groceries
from services that deliver them
right to your home.
It may cost a little extra,
but it could give you more time
to rest and recover.
Wash and Dry Your Masks Properly
Wash your mask after you use it. You can put it with your regular laundry and use regular laundry detergent. Choose the warmest water setting that’s safe for the type of cloth you have. Make sure you dry it completely. Put it in the dryer on the highest setting or let it air dry on a flat surface.
Don’t Rely on Gloves
Gloves don’t always protect you from getting infected, and they can spread germs. The CDC recommends wearing gloves when you’re cleaning or when you’re caring for someone who’s sick, but not for everyday situations like running errands, grocery shopping, or using an ATM. It’s better to wash your hands after you go out or use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
Clean and Disinfect
Clean frequently touched surfaces often. Think doorknobs, light switches, tables, countertops, handles, phones, desks, and computer keyboards. In the bathroom, pay extra attention to sinks, faucets, and toilets. Clean dirty surfaces with detergent or soap and water. Next, disinfect surfaces with a household cleaner that’s approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Look for the EPA registration number on your cleaner, then see if it’s on the EPA’s list of approved disinfectants.
Consider an Air Purifier
During the pandemic, your home may be the safest place to be. If you socialize only with people you live with, you probably don’t need an air purifier. But if someone in your household has COVID-19 or may have been exposed to it, you may want to try an air purifier. Put it in their room and keep the door closed to lower your risk of exposure.
COVID-19 spreads mostly from person to person through droplets that get into the air from our mouths and noses. You’re more likely to inhale the droplets indoors, where you share more air. You have less risk outside, where air is constantly moving. Choose outdoor activities when you can. Go for a walk, stroll around a park, have a picnic, or try a drive-in movie. Just be sure to keep a safe distance from others.