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American Journal of Preventive Medicine: “Association Between Electronic Cigarette Use and Myocardial Infarction.”
American Lung Association: “The Impact E-Cigarettes on the Lung,” "Marijuana and Lung Health."
Archives of General Psychiatry: "Nicotine dependence, major depression, and anxiety in young adults."
CDC: “About Electronic Cigarettes (E-Cigarettes),” "Outbreak of Lung Injury Associated with E-Cigarette Use, or Vaping."
FDA: "FDA's Deeming Regulations for E-Cigarettes, Cigars, and All Other Tobacco Products."
Harvard Health Publishing: "Marijuana and heart health: What you need to know," "Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know."
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology: “Harmful effects of nicotine.”
Johns Hopkins Medicine: “5 Vaping Facts You Need to Know,” "Vaping Cannabis Produces Stronger Effects Than Smoking Cannabis For Infrequent Users," "Study: Lead and Other Toxic Metals Found in E-Cigarette ‘Vapors,’ " "E-Cigarette Exposure Impairs Immune Responses in Mouse Model, New Research Finds."
National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Electronic Cigarettes (E-cigarettes).”
Stanford Medicine: “E-cigarette use, flavorings may increase heart disease risk, study finds.”
Thorax: “Pro-inflammatory effects of e-cigarette vapour condensate on human alveolar macrophages.”
University of Iowa Healthcare: "E-cigarettes and the heart."
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: “Know the Risks: E-Cigarettes and Young People.”
ABC News: "Bipartisan bill proposes banning flavored e-cigarettes amid vaping crisis."
Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on September 28, 2019
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