Post-traumatic stress disorder
People who experience a traumatic loss are at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an
intense emotional and psychological response to a very disturbing or traumatic
event, such as a rape, assault, natural disaster, accident, war, torture, or
death. You can develop PTSD symptoms immediately following such an event. Or PTSD
may develop months or even years later.
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder may include:
- Persistent and painful re-experiencing of the
event through dreams (nightmares) or while awake
- Emotional numbness, or inability to feel or express
emotions toward family, friends, and loved ones.
- Avoiding any
reminders of the event.
- Being easily angered or aroused, "on edge,"
or easily startled (hyperarousal).
Counseling and medicines (such as antidepressants and antianxiety
medicines) can be helpful for people who have post-traumatic stress
Complicated grief may also be called persistent complex bereavement disorder, separation trauma, traumatic grief, or
- A preoccupation with the loved
- Excessive loneliness.
- Longing and yearning for the
- Difficulty doing everyday things without the loved one.
Complicated grief is different from post-traumatic stress disorder
(PTSD). With PTSD, a person is anxious and fearful that the traumatic event
that caused the loss will occur again. In complicated grief, anxiety results
because the person is searching and yearning for his or her loved one.
If you or someone you know has symptoms of complicated grief, seek
help from a professional counselor specializing in grief counseling.