Bipolar Disorder - Home Treatment
Home treatment is important in
bipolar disorder. There are many things you can do to help control mood swings. You don't have to do them all at once. Try to do one thing, such as eating a healthy diet, then add another when you can.
Watch what you eat
Try to eat a healthy, balanced diet. A balanced diet includes foods
from different food groups , such as whole grains, dairy,
fruits and vegetables, and protein. Eat a variety of foods from each group.
(For example, eat different fruits from the fruit group instead of only
apples.) A varied diet helps you get all the nutrients you need. No
single food provides every nutrient.
Keep good habits
- Take your medicine every day as
- Get enough exercise. Try moderate activity for at least
30 minutes a day, every day, if possible. A brisk walk is an example of moderate activity.
- Avoid alcohol and
- Limit caffeine and nicotine.
Reduce stress, get rest
- Try to control the amount of
stress in your life. Techniques to relieve stress include physical activity and exercise,
breathing exercises, muscle relaxation, and counseling and support groups.
- Get enough sleep. Keep your room
dark and quiet, and try to go to bed at the same time every
night. If you plan to travel into other time
zones, ask your doctor if you should make any changes in your medicines. And ask what to do if you
have a manic or depressive episode while you are away.
Ask for help
- Learn to recognize the early warning signs of your manic
and depressive episodes.
- Ask for help from friends and family when
needed. You may need help with daily activities if you are depressed. Or you
may need support to control high energy levels if you have a manic high.
- Bipolar Disorder: Preventing Manic Episodes
How family and friends can help
Family members often feel helpless when a loved one is
depressed or manic. But you can help.
- Encourage the person to take prescribed
medicines regularly, even when he or she is feeling good.
- Recognize a lapse into a manic or depressive
episode. Help the person cope and get treatment.
your loved one to take enough time to feel better and get back into daily
- Learn the difference between hypomania and when your loved one is just having a good day. Hypomania is an elevated or irritable mood
that is clearly different from a regular nondepressed mood. It can last for a
week or more.
Know the signs
the warning signs for suicide. They include:
- Drinking alcohol heavily or taking illegal
- Talking, writing, or drawing about death, such as writing
- Talking about things that can cause harm, such as
pills, guns, or knives.
- Spending long periods of time
- Giving away possessions.
- Acting aggressive or
suddenly appearing calm.