Home treatment is important in
bipolar disorder. To help control mood swings, you
Take your medicine every day as
Get enough exercise. Try moderate activity for at least
30 minutes a day, every day, if possible. Moderate activity is activity equal
to a brisk walk. For more information, see the topic
Get enough sleep. Keep your room
dark and quiet, and try to go to bed at the same time every
Eat a healthy, balanced diet. A balanced diet includes foods
from different food groups, such as whole grains, dairy,
fruits and vegetables, and protein. Eat a variety of foods within each group
(for example, eat different fruits from the fruit group instead of only
apples). A varied diet helps you get all the nutrients you need, because no
single food provides every nutrient. Eat a little of everything but nothing in
excess. All foods can fit in a healthy diet if you eat everything in
moderation. For more information, see the topic
Control the amount of
stress in your life. Manage your time and commitments, establish a strong
system of social support and effective coping strategies, and lead a healthy
lifestyle. Techniques to relieve stress include physical activity and exercise,
breathing exercises, muscle relaxation, and massage. For more information, see
Limit caffeine and nicotine during manic
Learn to recognize the early warning signs of your manic
and depressive episodes.
Ask for help from friends and family when
needed. You may need help with daily activities if you are depressed, or you
may need support to control high energy levels if you are experiencing mania.
For more information, see:
Talking, writing, or drawing about death, including writing
Talking about things that can cause harm, such as
pills, guns, or knives.
Spending long periods of time
Giving away possessions.
Acting aggressive or
suddenly appearing calm.
Recognizing a lapse into a manic or depressive
episode and helping the person cope and get treatment.
your loved one to take enough time to feel better and get back into daily
Learning the difference between hypomania and when he
or she is just having a good day. Hypomania is an elevated or irritable mood
that is clearly different from a regular nondepressed mood and can last for a
week or more.
Encouraging your loved one to go to counseling and to
join a support group, and joining one yourself if needed.