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Myelodysplastic Syndromes Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options for Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Standard Treatment Options for Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Standard treatment options for myelodysplastic syndromes include:

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  • Supportive care with one or more of the following:
    • Transfusion therapy.
    • Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents.
    • Antibiotic therapy.
  • Treatments to slow progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML):
    • Lenalidomide.
    • Immunosuppressive therapy.
    • Azacitidine and decitabine.
    • Chemotherapy used in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Chemotherapy with stem cell transplant.

Treatment of Therapy-Related Myeloid Neoplasms

Patients who were treated in the past with chemotherapy or radiation therapy may develop myeloid neoplasms related to that therapy. Treatment options are the same as for other myelodysplastic syndromes.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with adult myelodysplastic syndromes. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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