Neuroblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Neuroblastoma
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
- Age of the child when diagnosed.
- Stage of the cancer.
- Where the tumor is in the body.
- Tumor histology (the shape, function, and structure of the tumor cells).
- Whether there is cancer in the lymph nodes.
- Whether there are certain changes in the chromosomes.
- How much time passed between diagnosis and when the cancer recurred.
Prognosis and treatment decisions for neuroblastoma are also affected by tumor biology, which includes:
- The patterns of the tumor cells.
- How different the tumor cells are from normal cells.
- How fast the tumor cells are growing.
The tumor biology is said to be favorable or unfavorable, depending on these factors. A favorable tumor biology means there is a better chance of recovery.
In some infants, neuroblastoma may disappear without treatment. The infant is closely watched for symptoms of neuroblastoma. If symptoms occur, treatment may be needed.