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    Neuroblastoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for patients with neuroblastoma.

    Different types of treatment are available for patients with neuroblastoma. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment.

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    Because cancer in children is rare, taking part in a clinical trial should be considered. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.

    Children with neuroblastoma should have their treatment planned by a team of doctors with expertise in treating childhood cancer, especially neuroblastoma.

    Treatment will be overseen by a pediatric oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating children with cancer. The pediatric oncologist works with other pediatric health care providers who are experts in treating children with neuroblastoma and who specialize in certain areas of medicine. These may include the following specialists:

    • Pediatric surgeon.
    • Radiation oncologist.
    • Endocrinologist.
    • Neurologist.
    • Neuropathologist.
    • Neuroradiologist.
    • Pediatrician.
    • Pediatric nurse specialist.
    • Social worker.
    • Child life professional.
    • Rehabilitation specialist.
    • Psychologist.

    Children who are treated for neuroblastoma may have an increased risk of second cancers.

    Some cancer treatments cause side effects that continue or appear years after cancer treatment has ended. These are called late effects. Late effects of cancer treatment may include:

    • Physical problems.
    • Changes in mood, feelings, thinking, learning, or memory.
    • Second cancers (new types of cancer).

    Some late effects may be treated or controlled. It is important that parents of children who are treated for neuroblastoma talk with their doctors about the possible late effects caused by some treatments. See the PDQ summary on Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer for more information.

    Five types of standard treatment are used:

    Observation

    Observation is closely monitoring a patient's condition without giving any treatment until signs or symptoms appear or change.

    Surgery

    Surgery is used to treat neuroblastoma unless it has spread to other parts of the body. Depending on where the tumor is, as much of the tumor as is safely possible will be removed. If the tumor cannot be removed, a biopsy may be done instead.

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