How To Prepare continued...
You may be asked to use an
enema or suppository several hours before or the day before the
surgery to empty your colon.
The hospital or surgery center may
send you instructions on how to get ready for your laparoscopy or a nurse may
call you with instructions before your surgery.
You will be asked to sign a consent
form that says you understand the risks of the test and agree to have it done.
Talk to your doctor about any concerns you have
about the need for the surgery, its risks, how it will be done, or what the
results will mean. To help you
understand the importance of this test, fill out the
medical test information form(What is a PDF document?).
How It Is Done
Laparoscopy is done by a
surgeon or a doctor of women's health (gynecologist).
General anesthesia is generally used, but other types
of anesthesia, such as
spinal anesthesia, may be used. Talk with your doctor
about what choice is best for you.
About an hour before the
surgery, you will empty your bladder. You will get fluids and medicine through
intravenous (IV) in a vein in your arm. You may get a
medicine (sedative) to help you relax.
procedures may be done after you get your anesthesia and are relaxed or
- An airway will be placed in your throat to help
you breathe if you get general anesthesia.
- A thin flexible tube
(urinary catheter) may be put through your
urethra into the bladder.
- Some of your
pubic hair may be shaved.
- Your belly and pelvic area will be washed
with a special soap.
- For women, your doctor may do a
pelvic exam before putting a thin tube (cannula)
through your vagina into the uterus. The cannula lets your doctor move your
uterus and ovaries to get a better look at the belly organs.
During laparoscopy, a small incision is made in the belly.
More than one incision may be made if other tools will be used during the
surgery. A hollow needle is put through the first incision and gas (carbon
dioxide or nitrous oxide) is slowly put through the needle to inflate the
belly. The gas lifts the abdominal wall away from the organs inside so your
doctor can see clearly.