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Drugs & Medications

aspirin-dipyridamole

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Aggrenox

GENERIC NAME(S): ASPIRIN/DIPYRIDAMOLE

Uses

This medication is used to reduce the risk of stroke in patients who have had "mini-strokes" (transient ischemic attacks) or a previous stroke due to a blood clot and are at high risk for another stroke. It contains two medications: a very low dose of aspirin (25 milligrams per tablet) and dipyridamole in a slow-release form.

Low-dose aspirin and dipyridamole are antiplatelet drugs that work to keep blood flowing to the brain by stopping platelets from clumping together. This helps prevent the platelets from forming blood clots, which can lodge in the brain and cause a certain type of stroke (ischemic stroke).

How to use aspirin-dipyridamole

Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking this product and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily (morning and evening). Swallow the capsule whole. Do not crush or chew the capsules. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects.

Take this medication with a full glass of water (8 ounces or 240 milliliters) unless your doctor directs you otherwise.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day.

Do not try to replace this combination medication with aspirin and dipyridamole taken separately. You would not be able to get the right dose and slow-release dosage form, so the separate medications would not work as well as this combination medication. Consult your pharmacist for more information.

Side Effects

Headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, heartburn, and dizziness may occur. Talk with your doctor if you have a severe headache when you first start taking this medication. Your doctor may change your dose for the first week to lessen headache. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

To reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: easy bleeding/bruising, uncontrolled bleeding from gums or nose, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, loss of appetite, dark urine, yellowing eyes/skin, unusual tiredness, unusual weakness.

This drug may infrequently cause serious bleeding from the stomach or intestines. If you notice any of the following serious side effects, stop taking this medication and consult your doctor or pharmacist right away: black stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, persistent stomach/abdominal pain.

Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: fainting, symptoms of a heart attack (such as chest/jaw/left arm pain, shortness of breath, unusual sweating), signs of bleeding in the brain or stroke (such as weakness on one side of the body, slurred speech, sudden vision changes, confusion).

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to dipyridamole; or to aspirin; or to other salicylates (such as choline salicylate); or to NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen, naproxen); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: aspirin-sensitive asthma (a history of worsening breathing with runny/stuffy nose after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs), bleeding problems (such as hemophilia, vitamin K deficiency, low platelets), low blood pressure (hypotension), heart problems (such as angina, heart attack), stomach problems (such as ulcers, heartburn), kidney disease, liver disease, a certain muscle problem (myasthenia gravis), growths in the nose (nasal polyps), bleeding in the brain.

This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.

This medicine may cause stomach bleeding. Daily use of alcohol and tobacco while using this medicine may increase your risk for stomach bleeding. Limit alcohol and stop smoking. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about how much alcohol you may safely drink.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). Your doctor may instruct you to stop aspirin/dipyridamole 10 days before surgery. Do not stop taking this medication without first talking with the doctor who prescribed it.

The amount of aspirin in this medication may not be enough to prevent heart attack. If you need aspirin to prevent heart attack, consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

This drug contains aspirin. Children and teenagers younger than 18 should not take aspirin if they have chickenpox, flu, or any undiagnosed illness or if they have recently received a vaccine. In these cases, taking aspirin increases the risk of Reye's syndrome, a rare but serious illness.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness and bleeding.

Aspirin is not recommended for use during pregnancy. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during the first 6 months of pregnancy. Do not use this medication during the last 3 months of pregnancy because of possible harm to the unborn baby or problems during delivery. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

This medication passes into breast milk. Breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: corticosteroids (such as prednisone), mifepristone, ginkgo biloba, other drugs that can cause bleeding/bruising (including antiplatelet drugs such as clopidogrel, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen/naproxen, "blood thinners" such as warfarin/dabigatran), riociguat.

Check all prescription and nonprescription medicine labels carefully since many medications contain pain relievers/fever reducers (aspirin, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or naproxen). These drugs are similar to this medication and may increase your risk of side effects if taken together. However, if your doctor has directed you to take low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attack (usually at dosages of 81-325 milligrams a day), ask your doctor if you should continue taking the aspirin. The low dose of aspirin in this product may not be enough to protect against heart attack. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

This medication may interfere with certain laboratory/medical tests possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: ringing in the ears, flushing, sweating, restlessness, weakness, dizziness, fast heartbeat.

Notes

Do not share this medication with others.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-888-633-4298 (US) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).

Information last revised September 2014. Copyright(c) 2014 First Databank, Inc.

Images

AGGRENOX 25 MG-200 MG CAPSULE
AGGRENOX 25 MG-200 MG CAPSULE
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AGGRENOX 25 MG-200 MG CAPSULE
AGGRENOX 25 MG-200 MG CAPSULE

Identification

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This medicine is a red, oblong capsule imprinted with "logo and 01A".

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Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by First Databank, Inc. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, expect as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use.

CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.

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