Heart Disease and Lowering Cholesterol
What Numbers Should I Look For? continued...
Here's how to interpret your cholesterol numbers:
|Less than 200||Desirable|
|200 - 239||Borderline High|
|240 and above||High|
|LDL Cholesterol||LDL-Cholesterol Category|
|Less than 100||Optimal|
|100 - 129||Near optimal/above optimal|
|130 - 159||Borderline high|
|160 - 189||High|
|190 and above||Very high|
|60 or more||Desirable - helps to lower risk of|
|Less than 40||Major risk factor -- increases the|
risk for developing heart disease
*HDL (good) cholesterol protects against heart disease, so for HDL, higher numbers are better.
|Less than 150||Normal (desirable)|
What Affects Cholesterol Levels?
A variety of factors can affect your cholesterol levels. They include:
- Diet. Saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol in the food you eat increase cholesterol levels. Reducing the amount of saturated fat and trans fats and cholesterol in your diet helps lower your blood cholesterol level. Increasing the amount of fiber and plant-derived sterols can also help lower LDL cholesterol.
- Weight. In addition to being a risk factor for heart disease, being overweight can also increase your cholesterol. Losing weight can help lower your LDL, total cholesterol levels, and triglyceride levels, as well as raise your HDL.
- Exercise. Regular exercise can lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol. You should try to be physically active for 30 minutes every day.
- Age and Gender. As we get older, cholesterol levels rise. Before menopause, women tend to have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age. After menopause, however, women's LDL levels tend to rise.
- Heredity. Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol can run in families.
- Medical conditions. Occasionally, a medical condition may cause an elevation of cholesterol levels in the blood. These include hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), liver disease and kidney disease.
- Medications. Some medicines, like steroids and progestins, may increase "bad" cholesterol and decrease the "good" cholesterol.
How Is High Cholesterol Treated?
The main goal in treating high cholesterol is to lower your LDL levels. To lower cholesterol, eat a heart-healthy diet, exercise regularly, and maintain a healthy weight. Some may also need to take cholesterol-lowering drugs.