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Is It Heartburn or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)?

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    Occasional heartburn is often treatable with over-the-counter medication and/or lifestyle modification.

    Ask yourself these questions to see if your heartburn may be caused by a more serious condition, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, also called GERD:

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    • Have you been having symptoms of GERD and treating with over-the-counter medicines for more than 2 weeks?
    • Has the pattern of your heartburn changed? Is it worse than it used to be?
    • Do you wake up at night with heartburn?
    • Have you been having any difficulty swallowing?
    • Do you continue to have heartburn symptoms even after taking non-prescription medication?
    • Do you experience hoarseness or worsening of asthma after meals, lying down, or exercise, or asthma that occurs mainly at night?
    • Are you experiencing unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite?
    • Do your heartburn symptoms interfere with your lifestyle or daily activity?
    • Are you in need of increasing doses of nonprescription medicine to control heartburn?

    If you answered yes to any of these questions, your heartburn warrants attention from a medical professional. People with long-standing chronic heartburn are at greater risk for serious complications including stricture (narrowing) of the esophagus or a potentially precancerous condition called Barrett's esophagus.


    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on September 15, 2015
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