The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. Studies suggest that this and other inflammatory bowel diseases may result from an abnormal response by the body's immune system to normal intestinal bacteria.
Ulcerative colitis can be relatively easy to diagnose because it normally affects only the colon and rectum and usually causes an obvious change in daily bowel habits, such as frequent stools containing blood or mucus.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Should I Have Tests for IBS Symptoms?
Treatment for Crohn's disease involves medications to prevent flare - ups, or maintain remission, of the disease. A few people have severe, persistent symptoms or complications that may require additional medications or surgery.
Surgery may be needed for Crohn's disease if no medication can control your symptoms, you have serious side effects from medications, your symptoms can be controlled only with long-term use of corticosteroids, or you develop certain complications.
Eating a well-balanced diet is always important when you have ulcerative colitis. But when you're pregnant with UC, getting the right balance of nutrients is essential. Here’s how to eat well and stay healthy during pregnancy.