Medicines usually are the main treatment for
ulcerative colitis. They control or prevent
inflammation in the intestines and help to:
- Relieve symptoms.
- Promote healing
of damaged tissues.
- Put the disease into
remission and keep it from flaring up
- Postpone or prevent the need for surgery.
The choice of medicine usually depends on how bad
the disease is, the part of the colon affected, and any complications you may have.
- Treatment of mild to moderate disease often begins with
aminosalicylates. They relieve inflammation in the intestines and help
the disease go into remission. They may also keep the disease from becoming
Steroid medicines may be added if
symptoms continue. They relieve inflammation in the
- For severe cases, you may have stronger treatment with one or more of these:
If you're pregnant or breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant, talk to your doctor about which medicines might be okay for you to use. Sometimes severe ulcerative colitis can harm your baby more than the medicines you take to keep it under control. Some medicines, though, should never be taken when you are pregnant. Your doctor can tell you which medicines are okay while you are pregnant or breast-feeding.