Understanding Infertility -- Symptoms
Infertility is when you cannot get pregnant after having unprotected, regular sex for six months to one year, depending on your age.
The main symptom of
infertility is not getting pregnant. You may not have or notice any other symptoms.
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Luteal Phase Defect
A luteal phase defect is a disruption in a woman's monthly menstrual cycle.
The luteal phase is one stage of the menstrual cycle. It occurs after ovulation (when the ovaries release an egg) and before your period starts.
During this phase, the lining of your uterus normally becomes thicker to prepare for a possible pregnancy.
If you have a luteal phase defect, the lining of your uterus does not grow properly each month. This can make it difficult to become or remain pregnant, although there is...
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Symptoms can also depend on what is causing the infertility. Many health conditions can make it hard to
get pregnant. Sometimes no cause is found.
Infertility Symptoms in Women
In women, changes in the menstrual cycle and
ovulation may be a symptom of a disease related to infertility. Symptoms include:
Abnormal periods. Bleeding is heavier or lighter than usual.
Irregular periods. The number of days in between each period varies each month. No periods. You have never had a period, or periods suddenly stop.
Back pain, pelvic pain, and cramping may happen.
female infertility is related to a hormone problem. In this case, symptoms can also include:
Other symptoms include:
Many other things can lead to infertility in women, and their symptoms vary.
Infertility Symptoms in Men
Infertility symptoms in men can be vague. They may go unnoticed until a man tries to have a baby.
Symptoms depend on what is causing the infertility. They can include:
Changes in hair growth
Changes in sexual desire
Pain, lump, or swelling in the testicles
Problems with erections and ejaculation
Small, firm testicles
When to See the Doctor
If you are under 35 and have been trying to get pregnant without success for a year, see your doctor. Women 35 and older should see their doctor after six months of trying.
Blood, urine, and imaging tests can be done to discover why you are having trouble getting pregnant. A sperm analysis can be done to check a man's sperm count and the overall health of the sperm.
Your doctor may refer you to a reproductive endocrinologist. That's a doctor who specializes in infertility. You will be asked questions about your infertility symptoms and medical history.