Pneumonia - Prevention
There are a number of steps you can take to
help prevent getting
- Stop smoking. You're more likely to get pneumonia if you smoke.
- Avoid people who have infections that sometimes lead to pneumonia.
- Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread
of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.
Vaccines to help prevent pneumonia
are available. The
vaccine for children is called the
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)(What is a PDF document?). The vaccine for older adults (age 65 or older), people who smoke, and people who have
some long-term (chronic) conditions is called the
pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV)(What is a PDF document?).
The pneumococcal vaccine may not prevent pneumonia. But it can prevent some of the serious complications of pneumonia, such as
infection in the bloodstream (bacteremia) or throughout the body (septicemia),
in younger adults and those older than age 55 who have a healthy immune
Other vaccines can prevent common diseases that sometimes lead to pneumonia, such as:
- Measles. Vaccination of children for measles can
prevent most cases of measles. Adults may need to be vaccinated against measles
if they have not had the disease or were not vaccinated during
- Flu. Yearly flu shots may keep you from getting the flu. The flu often can lead to pneumonia, especially in
older adults or in people who have other long-term (chronic) diseases.
The flu shot can be given at the same time as the pneumococcal vaccine
but in a different arm.
- Chickenpox. The chickenpox shot (varicella-zoster vaccine) can prevent most cases of
pneumonia caused by the virus that causes chickenpox. Consider getting a
shot if you are older than 13 and have not had chickenpox.