Your doctor will ask
you about your symptoms and do a physical exam. He or she may order a chest
X-ray and a
complete blood count (CBC). This is usually enough for your doctor to
know if you have pneumonia. You may need more tests if you have bad symptoms,
are an older adult, or have other health problems. In general, the sicker you
are, the more tests you may need.
Your doctor may also test mucus
from your lungs to find out if bacteria are causing your pneumonia. Finding out
what is causing your pneumonia can help your doctor choose the best treatment
If pneumonia is caused by
bacteria, your doctor will give you antibiotics. These almost always cure
pneumonia caused by bacteria. Be sure to take the antibiotics exactly as instructed. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to take the full course of antibiotics.
Pneumonia can make you feel very sick. But
after you take antibiotics, you should start to feel much better. Call your
doctor if you do not start to feel better after 2 to 3 days of antibiotics.
Call your doctor right away if you feel worse.
There are things
you can do to feel better during your treatment. Get plenty of rest and sleep,
and drink lots of liquids. Do not smoke. If your cough keeps you awake at
night, talk to your doctor about using cough medicine.
need to go to the hospital if you have bad symptoms, a weak
immune system, or another serious illness.
Pneumonia caused by a virus usually is not treated with antibiotics.
Sometimes, antibiotics may be used to prevent complications. But home
treatment, such as rest and taking care of your cough, usually is all that is
Experts recommend immunization for children and adults. Children get the pneumococcal vaccine as part of their routine shots. Two different types of pneumococcal vaccines are recommended for people ages 65 and older. If you smoke, or you have a long-term health problem, it's a good idea to get a
pneumococcal vaccine. It may not keep you from getting pneumonia. But if you do
get pneumonia, you probably won't be as sick. You can also get an influenza vaccine to prevent the flu, because sometimes people get pneumonia after having the flu.
You can also
lower your chances of getting pneumonia by staying away from people who have
a cold, measles, or chickenpox. You may get pneumonia after you have
one of these illnesses.
Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria
that may cause pneumonia.