Pneumonia is an acute infection of the lungs. It's a more common problem than most people think. Usually pneumonia is a mild disease, but some forms are very dangerous and require a hospital stay. In all cases, you'll need to seek care from your health care provider.
Pneumonia can affect just one lobe of the right or left lung, a whole lung, or both lungs.
Recommended Related to Lung Disease/Respiratory Problems
The symptoms of tuberculosis range from no symptoms (latent tuberculosis) to symptoms of active disease. In fact, you may not even be aware that you have a latent TB infection until it's revealed through a skin test, perhaps during a routine checkup.
If you have active TB disease, you may have these symptoms:
Overall sensation of feeling unwell
Cough, possibly with bloody mucus
Shortness of breath
Many different kinds of germs infect the lungs and cause pneumonia. Infected lungs leak fluids and shed dead cells. This material clogs up air sacs and makes it hard for the lungs to do their job of getting oxygen into the blood. Without enough oxygen, none of the cells in your body work as they should.
Pneumonia generally lasts about two weeks. However, you may feel tired or weak for a month or more after the lungs clear up.
What Causes Pneumonia?
Usually the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, but it can also be caused by a virus, fungus, or parasite.
Many of these germs are all around us. They usually can't get past a healthy person's natural defenses. Pneumonia is most common in those with weaker or compromised immune systems, such as elderly people, cigarette smokers, alcoholics, and people suffering from other diseases such as the flu.