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Understanding Pneumonia -- Symptoms

What Are the Symptoms of Pneumonia?

The symptoms of pneumoniacan include:

You may also notice nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heavy sweating, and mental confusion.

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Bacterial pneumonia in children may have more subtle symptoms:

  • Labored and rapid breathing (more than 45 breaths a minute)
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Wheezing
  • Bluish skin, lips, or fingertips

Infants may have less specific symptoms, such as fussiness or difficulty feeding.

When to Call Your Doctor About Pneumonia

Call your doctor if you have any of the symptoms of pneumonia. Most of the time, you will need immediate treatment to get better and avoid complications. Also call your doctor if:

  • Your sharp chest pain does not get better.
  • Your shortness of breath gets worse.
  • Your fingernails, toenails, or skin become dark or turn bluish.
  • You cough up blood.


WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Lisa B. Bernstein, MD on March 18, 2015

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