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    Understanding Pneumonia -- Symptoms

    What Are the Symptoms of Pneumonia?

    The symptoms of pneumoniacan include:

    You may also notice nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heavy sweating, and mental confusion. Sometimes a person with diabetes may have only a few of the symptoms that you might see with a pneumonia.

    Recommended Related to Lung Disease/Respiratory Problems

    Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Disease

    Doctors may classify lung conditions as obstructive lung disease or restrictive lung disease. Obstructive lung diseases include conditions that make it hard to exhale all the air in the lungs. People with restrictive lung disease have difficulty fully expanding their lungs with air. Obstructive and restrictive lung disease share the same main symptom: shortness of breath with exertion.

    Read the Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Disease article > >

    Bacterial pneumonia in children may have more subtle symptoms:

    • Labored and rapid breathing (more than 45 breaths a minute)
    • Fever
    • Cough
    • Wheezing
    • Bluish skin, lips, or fingertips

    Infants may have less specific symptoms, such as fussiness or difficulty feeding.

    When to Call Your Doctor About Pneumonia

    Call your doctor if you have any of the symptoms of pneumonia. Most of the time, you will need immediate treatment to get better and avoid complications. Also call your doctor if:

    • Your sharp chest pain does not get better.
    • Your shortness of breath gets worse.
    • Your fingernails, toenails, or skin become dark or turn bluish.
    • You cough up blood.


    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Lisa Bernstein, MD on March 20, 2016

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