drug abuse or
dependence usually includes group therapy, one or more
counseling, and drug education. A
12-step program is often part of treatment and
continues afterward as part of your
Treatment doesn't just deal
with drugs. It helps you take control of your life so you don't have to depend on drugs. You'll learn
good reasons to quit drugs. Staying drug-free is a lifelong
process that takes commitment and effort.
You might start with your family doctor, or your doctor may recommend that you
enter a treatment facility. A friend could bring you to a self-help group, such
as Narcotics Anonymous, or you might walk into a clinic that deals with drug
You may have a treatment team to help you. This team may include
social workers, nurses, and a case manager. A case
manager helps plan and manage your treatment.
You may be asked
questions about your drug use, health problems, work, and living situation. Be
open and honest to get the best treatment possible. Your team may
write a plan, which includes your treatment goals and ways to reach
those goals. This helps you stay on track.
Your doctor may decide you need
medical care to manage withdrawal symptoms when you first quit using drugs. This is sometimes called detoxification, or detox.
People who are dependent on
drugs often have to go to a hospital or treatment facility. Detox usually is
done under the care of a doctor, because withdrawal can be
dangerous without medical care. A doctor may prescribe medicines to help with withdrawal symptoms.
Treatment for a drug problem usually
involves one or more types of therapy.
- In group therapy, you talk about your recovery with other
people who are trying to quit.
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), you learn to
change the thoughts and actions that make you more likely to use drugs.
motivational interviewing (MI), you resolve mixed
feelings you have about quitting and getting treatment.
- Motivational enhancement therapy (MET) uses motivational interviewing to help you
find motivation to quit and get you started toward recovery.
- Couples or
family counseling can help you to stop using drugs,
stay drug-free, and improve your relationships with your partner and
Treatment usually includes going to a support group, such
as going to Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meetings. Your family members might also
want to attend a support group such as Nar-Anon.
You may take medicines to help you quit
or to help you overcome
withdrawal symptoms. Medicines often are used for
opiate drugs like heroin or certain painkillers.
Medicines that can help you include methadone (such as Dolophine) or Naltrexone (such as ReVia).