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Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options by Stage

A link to a list of current clinical trials is included for each treatment section. For some types or stages of cancer, there may not be any trials listed. Check with your doctor for clinical trials that are not listed here but may be right for you.

Stage I Prostate Cancer

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Treatment for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer

When you’re diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early stage, usually stage I or II, it means the disease hasn't spread outside your prostate gland. That means you have a few good treatment options to choose from. It’s important to pick one that’s right for your condition and one that will give you the best quality of life. Talk with your doctor about the benefits and side effects of each type. Ask a lot of questions, so you can find the therapy that will give you the best results, with the fewest...

Read the Treatment for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer article > >

Standard treatment of stage I prostate cancer may include the following:

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Active surveillance. If the cancer begins to grow, hormone therapy may be given.
  • Radical prostatectomy, usually with pelvic lymphadenectomy. Radiation therapy may be given after surgery.
  • External-beam radiation therapy. Hormone therapy may be given after radiation therapy.
  • Internal radiation therapy with radioactive seeds.
  • A clinical trial of high-intensity focused ultrasound.
  • A clinical trial of cryosurgery.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage I prostate cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Stage II Prostate Cancer

Standard treatment of stage II prostate cancer may include the following:

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Active surveillance. If the cancer begins to grow, hormone therapy may be given.
  • Radical prostatectomy, usually with pelvic lymphadenectomy. Radiation therapy may be given after surgery.
  • External-beam radiation therapy. Hormone therapy may be given after radiation therapy.
  • Internal radiation therapy with radioactive seeds.
  • A clinical trial of cryosurgery.
  • A clinical trial of high-intensity focused ultrasound.
  • A clinical trial of proton beam radiation therapy.
  • Clinical trials of new types of treatment, such as hormone therapy followed by radical prostatectomy.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage II prostate cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

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