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Prostate Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options by Stage

Stage I Prostate Cancer

Standard treatment of stage I prostate cancer may include the following:

Recommended Related to Prostate Cancer

Advanced Prostate Cancer and Side Effects

Many men who have advanced prostate cancer experience side effects. Some of these side effects result from the treatments used to slow the spread of cancer. Other side effects come from the disease itself. Understanding these side effects can relieve fears and help you cope better. So can being an active participant in your own care. Ask your doctor questions. Learn about potential symptoms and options before receiving treatments. Carefully weigh each option with your doctor's input.

Read the Advanced Prostate Cancer and Side Effects article > >

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Active surveillance. If the cancer begins to grow, hormone therapy may be given.
  • Radical prostatectomy, usually with pelvic lymphadenectomy. Radiation therapy may be given after surgery.
  • External-beam radiation therapy. Hormone therapy may be given after radiation therapy.
  • Internal radiation therapy with radioactive seeds.
  • A clinical trial of high-intensity focused ultrasound.
  • A clinical trial of cryosurgery.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage I prostate cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Stage II Prostate Cancer

Standard treatment of stage II prostate cancer may include the following:

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Active surveillance. If the cancer begins to grow, hormone therapy may be given.
  • Radical prostatectomy, usually with pelvic lymphadenectomy. Radiation therapy may be given after surgery.
  • External-beam radiation therapy. Hormone therapy may be given after radiation therapy.
  • Internal radiation therapy with radioactive seeds.
  • A clinical trial of cryosurgery.
  • A clinical trial of high-intensity focused ultrasound.
  • A clinical trial of proton beam radiation therapy.
  • Clinical trials of new types of treatment, such as hormone therapy followed by radical prostatectomy.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage II prostate cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Stage III Prostate Cancer

Standard treatment of stage III prostate cancer may include the following:

  • External-beam radiation therapy. Hormone therapy may be given after radiation therapy.
  • Hormone therapy.
  • Radical prostatectomy. Radiation therapy may be given after surgery.
  • Watchful waiting.
  • Active surveillance. If the cancer begins to grow, hormone therapy may be given.
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