Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Birth Control Health Center

Font Size

Birth Control Pills Put Brakes on Women's Sex Drive

Hormonal Contraception Puts Women at Higher Risk of Sexual Dysfunction, Study Finds
By Katrina Woznicki
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

May 5, 2010 -- A new European study has found that women who use hormonal contraceptives such as the birth control pill are more likely to experience sexual dysfunction such as reduced desire and arousal than women who use non-hormonal contraception and women who do not use contraception.

Reporting in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, the German researchers also find that women who used non-hormonal contraceptives, such as condoms, were at a lower risk for female sexual dysfunction (FSD) when compared with women who didn’t use contraception.

A possible link between hormonal contraception and sexual dysfunction has been reported before, but the studies have often produced conflicting results.

The Pill and Sexual Dysfunction

Researchers led by Lisa-Maria Wallwiener, MD, of the University of Heidelberg, Germany, surveyed more than 1,000 medical students about their sex lives and contraception choices. More than 87% of the students reported they had used contraceptives in the last six months. Eighty percent said they were in stable relationships; 97% reported being sexually active in the previous four weeks.

The students were divided into four groups: those who used oral hormonal contraception; those who used non-oral hormonal contraception, such as a vaginal ring; those who used non-hormonal contraception; and those who didn’t use contraception. Overall, the study results showed that:

  • 32.4% were at risk for female sexual dysfunction
  • 8.7% were at risk for orgasm disorder
  • 5.8% were at risk for hypoactive sexual desire disorder
  • 2.6% were at risk for satisfaction problems
  • 1% were at risk for arousal disorder
  • 1.2% were at risk for decreased lubrication
  • 1.1% were at risk for pain

In addition to contraception choices, stress, pregnancy, smoking, relationship status, and a desire for children all influenced sexual function. Women who were in stable relationships, were nonsmokers, who had not been pregnant, and were not actively trying to have a baby were more likely to use oral contraceptives like the birth control pill, the research team reports. Women not in stable relationships -- regardless of their contraception use -- had higher sexual desire but lower orgasm scores.

"Sexual problems can have a negative impact on both quality of life and emotional well-being, regardless of age," says Wallwiener, who lead the study. "FSD is a very common disorder, with an estimated prevalence of about two in five women having at least one sexual dysfunction, and the most common complaint appearing to be low desire."

Today on WebMD

Here's what to expect.
man opening condom wrapper
Do you know the right way to use them?
birth control pills
Here's what to do next.
doctor and patient
His and her options.
Concerned teenage girl
hospital gown
Birth Control Pills Weight Gain
pregnancy test and calendar
contraceptive pills
Young couple looking at each other, serious
woman reading pregnancy test result