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    Other Names:

    Belladonna, Belladonna Scopola, Escopolia, Glockenbilsenkraut, Japanese Belladonna, Russian Krainer Tollkraut, Scopola, Scopolia carniolica, Scopoliae Rhizoma, Scopolie.

    SCOPOLIA Overview
    SCOPOLIA Side Effects
    SCOPOLIA Interactions
    SCOPOLIA Dosing
    SCOPOLIA Overview Information

    Scopolia is a plant. The root and root-like stem (rhizome) are used as medicine.

    Despite serious safety concerns, scopolia is used for spasms of the digestive tract, bile ducts, and urinary tract; and for liver and gallbladder complaints. Scopolia is also used to increase urine production, cause relaxation and sleep, dilate eye pupils, and relieve pain.

    How does it work?

    Scopolia contains several chemicals which are similar to prescription medications, including hyoscyamine, atropine, and scopolamine. These chemicals relax muscles lining the digestive and urinary tracts.

    SCOPOLIA Uses & Effectiveness What is this?

    Insufficient Evidence for:

    More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of scopolia for these uses.

    SCOPOLIA Side Effects & Safety

    Scopolia is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth for self-medication. There is only a small difference between a beneficial dose and a poisonous dose, and products vary in concentrations of chemicals. Early symptoms of poisoning include reddened skin and dry mouth. Other symptoms include high body temperature, vision problems, difficulty urinating, and constipation. Taking large amounts of scopolia can cause restlessness, compulsive speech, and hallucinations, followed by breathing problems, and death.

    Special Precautions & Warnings:

    It is LIKELY UNSAFE for anyone to use scopolia, but people with the following conditions are especially likely to experience unwanted side effects:

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Scopolia is LIKELY UNSAFE. Don’t use it if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

    Heart problems such as congestive heart failure (CHF) or rapid, irregular heartbeat: Scopolia might make heart problems worse. Don’t use it if you have one of these conditions.

    Down syndrome: People with Down syndrome might be especially sensitive to the harmful effects of scopolia. Don’t give it to them.

    Hiatal hernia or heartburn (esophageal reflux disease): Scopolia might make esophageal reflux disease worse. Don’t use it if you have this condition.

    Fever: Scopolia might raise the body temperature. Don’t use it if you have a fever.

    Digestive tract conditions including constipation, stomach ulcers, stomach or intestinal infections, ulcerative colitis, enlarged colon (toxic megacolon), or blockage of the digestive tract: Scopolia might make digestive tract problems worse. Don’t use it if you have one of these conditions.

    Narrow-angle glaucoma: Scopolia might make narrow-angle glaucoma worse. Don’t use it if you have this condition.

    Trouble urinating (urinary retention): Scopolia might make urinary retention worse. Don’t use it if you have this condition.

    SCOPOLIA Interactions What is this?

    Major Interaction Do not take this combination

    • Drying medications (Anticholinergic drugs) interacts with SCOPOLIA

      Scopolia contains chemicals that cause a drying effect. It also affects the brain and heart. Drying medications called anticholinergic drugs can also cause these effects. Taking scopolia and drying medications together might cause side effects including dry skin, dizziness, low blood pressure, fast heartbeat, and other serious side effects.

      Some of these drying medications include atropine, scopolamine, and some medications used for allergies (antihistamines), and for depression (antidepressants).

    • Medications used for depression (Tricyclic antidepressants) interacts with SCOPOLIA

      Scopolia contains chemicals that can affect the body. Some of these chemicals have effects similar to some medications used for depression. Taking scopolia might increase the side effects of some medications used for depression.

      Some of these medicines used for depression include amitriptyline (Elavil), imipramine (Tofranil), and others.

    • Quinidine interacts with SCOPOLIA

      Scopolia can affect the heart. Quinidine can also affect the heart. Taking quinidine along with scopolia might cause serious heart problems.

    SCOPOLIA Dosing

    The appropriate dose of scopolia depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for scopolia. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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    Conditions of Use and Important Information: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

    This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version. © Therapeutic Research Faculty 2009.

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