Exams and tests are used to
diagnose a pregnancy and to check for any health conditions you may have that
need special consideration. Regardless of whether you know that you would
continue a pregnancy or have an abortion, your evaluation will include a
medical history, a physical exam, and some laboratory
A physical exam before an abortion includes:
Taking your vital signs, such as blood pressure
and heart rate.
Listening to your heart and
pelvic exam to find out the size and shape of your
uterus. The size of the uterus can help estimate the number of weeks you are
pregnant. A pelvic exam also allows your doctor to check the
fallopian tubes for a possible
tubal (ectopic) pregnancy, which would feel like an
abnormal mass in the pelvis.
Laboratory tests before an abortion
A urine pregnancy test to find out if you
are pregnant. (You may have missed a menstrual cycle for another reason, such
as stress, and not because you are pregnant.)
A blood test to
Whether you have low blood iron (anemia). If you have anemia, your doctor may want you
to take some iron supplements before and after an abortion.
Pap smear to check for cervical cell abnormalities
(dysplasia), if you are due for one (not a routine test
before an abortion).
ultrasound may be done to check your uterus size and
shape and to make sure the pregnancy is in the uterus. A
transvaginal ultrasound done in the first
trimester is the most accurate method of learning how
long you have been pregnant.