Breast cancer screening Cervical cancer screening (one of the following)
Pap smear and pelvic exam Checks for cervical cancer 21 Every three years. Women older than 65 may be able to stop testing if your doctor says you're low risk. HPV DNA test and pelvic exam HPV is a virus that is known to cause cervical cancer 30 The PAP every three years and HPV every five years until age 65, or as recommended by your doctor. Women older than 65 may be able to stop testing if your doctor says you're low risk. Pap smear plus HPV DNA test and pelvic exam Some experts recommend as more precise means to check for cervical cancer 30 Every five years until age 65, or as recommended by your doctor. Women older than 65 may be able to stop testing if your doctor says you're low risk. Colorectal cancer screening
*Your doctor will pick which screening test is best for you. Your screening schedule may be different depending on your personal and family history. Heart disease screening
Blood cholesterol test Measures amount of total cholesterol, "bad" LDL, and "good" HDL cholesterol circulating in the blood. Levels of triglycerides, another blood fat, are also usually checked. 20 Every 5 years, or at your doctor's discretion Blood pressure check Measures blood pressure, an indicator of heart risk 18 At least every other year, more often if reading is above normal Fasting plasma glucose Measures blood sugar, an indicator of diabetes risk
45, or younger if you are overweight with BMI > 25kg/m2
and have other risk factors such as hypertension or high cholesterol
Every three years if in normal range, or at your doctor's discretion Bone health
Bone mineral density test Used as an indicator of bone strength and osteoporosis risk 65, or earlier for women with previous fragility fractures; a family history of osteoporosis; on medications that cause bone loss; or have problems with calcium absorption At your doctor's discretion Sexual health If you are sexually active and have a higher risk for STDs, get tests for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis yearly. Take an HIV test at least once, more frequently if you’re at risk. Vaccines / immunizations
Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis ( Td/Tdap) booster Restores protection against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis ( whooping cough) infection Varies. Recommended in the third trimester of each pregnancy. One dose of Tdap as a booster, and then a Td booster every 10 years Pneumonia vaccine Provides lifelong protection against pneumonia 65 or earlier in people with risk factors, such as heart failure, lung disease, alcoholism, and others Two shots if given at age 65 or later. May need to be repeated in people who have certain medical conditions who received it before the age of 65 Influenza vaccine Provides protection against common influenza strains Everyone 6 months of age and older Yearly
Shingrix To help protect against shingles 50 Two doses 2-6 months apart Other important screenings Skin exams. Most skin cancers are curable. Ask your doctor to check your skin any time you find any moles or skin changes. Eye exams . Be sure to get your eyes examined regularly -- every 1 to 2 years until age 60 -- to check for common problems like presbyopia, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Go more often if you have vision problems or risk factors for eye problems. Hepatitis C. The CDC recommends that anyone over the age of 18 get tested for hepatitis C at least once in a lifetime. It also recommends the test for people who are pregnant.
NOTE: Guidelines for screening vary. This is a compilation of generally accepted major screening recommendations from national health organizations and experts, but it is by no means comprehensive or a substitute for your doctor's advice.