Cut scar tissue that is causing pain. This hasn't been shown to relieve pain when the scarring is severe.2
Surgery—usually laparoscopy— is sometimes used when a diagnosis is still unclear
after other tests are done or when antibiotic treatment is not working.
Procedures that may be used to diagnose and treat the
complications of PID include:
Laparoscopy. The surgeon inserts a lighted viewing instrument through a very
small cut (incision). He or she can look for signs of
ectopic pregnancy or infection and scar tissue and
can make repairs if needed.
Laparotomy. The surgeon makes a small cut to look inside the belly and make repairs if needed.
Drainage of an abscess using a needle and syringe. The doctor usually uses
ultrasound to clearly see where the needle is going. This makes an incision unnecessary.