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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Surgery

Surgery isn't usually done to treat pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) unless it is needed to:

  • Drain or remove a pocket of pus, such as a tubo-ovarian abscess.
  • Cut scar tissue that is causing pain. This hasn't been shown to relieve pain when the scarring is severe.2

Surgery—usually laparoscopy— is sometimes used when a diagnosis is still unclear after other tests are done or when antibiotic treatment is not working.

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Surgery choices

Procedures that may be used to diagnose and treat the complications of PID include:

  • Laparoscopy. The surgeon inserts a lighted viewing instrument through a very small cut (incision). He or she can look for signs of ectopic pregnancy or infection and scar tissue and can make repairs if needed.
  • Laparotomy. The surgeon makes a small cut to look inside the belly and make repairs if needed.
  • Drainage of an abscess using a needle and syringe. The doctor usually uses ultrasound to clearly see where the needle is going. This makes an incision unnecessary.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: March 12, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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