No single test can
show that you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Your doctor will talk to you about your medical
history, do a physical exam, and run some tests.
The medical history includes questions about
your symptoms. Your doctor may ask you about changes in your weight, skin,
hair, and menstrual cycle. He or she may also ask you about problems with
getting pregnant, medicines you are taking, and your eating and exercise
You will also talk about any family history
of hormone problems, including
physical exam checks your
thyroid gland, skin, hair, breasts, and belly. You will have
a blood pressure check and a
pelvic exam to find out if you have enlarged or abnormal ovaries.
Your doctor can also check your
body mass index (BMI).
You may have a
pelvic ultrasound, which might show enlarged ovaries with small cysts. These are signs of PCOS. But many women with
PCOS don't have these signs.
You may have blood tests to check for:
Testing for problems from PCOS
Diabetes. If you
have PCOS, experts recommend that you have
blood glucose testing for diabetes by age 30.3 You may have this done at a younger age if you have PCOS and
other risk factors for diabetes (such as
obesity, lack of exercise, a family history of
gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy). After
this, your doctor will tell you how often to have testing for diabetes.